Scientific name. Macrotyloma uniflorum (Lam.) Verdc. Subordinate taxa: Macrotyloma uniflorum (Lam.) Verdc. var. benadirianum (Chiov.) Verdc. Macrotyloma. Horse gram seeds (Indian name: Kulthi) Macrotyloma uniflorum, Organic Heirloom Untreated Seeds. For Growing Or Sprouting Horse Gram (Macrotyloma . Biflorus, horse gram, horse grain, kulthi bean, madras bean, madras gram, poor man’s pulse, dolic biflore, grain de cheval, kerdekorn, pferdebohne, pferdekorn.

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Radicle about 3 mm long, curved around the outside of the cotyledons. A species of possible significance as a grazing crop but regeneration of soft-seeded annual varieties is poor.

Macrotyloma uniflorum

The chemical composition is comparable with more commonly cultivated legumes. Medical uses of these legumes have been discussed. Idukki, Palakkad, Malappuram, Thiruvananthapuram.

Seeds per fruiteach seed about 3. Drought tolerance capacity of horse gram is attributed in parts to various pathways like antioxidant and osmolyte biosynthesis, making it sturdy enough to withstand long periods of drought with minimum management.

Seed yields can be reduced by pod rot during late season rains, pod borers, and rodents. Moth bean is mostly consumed as dhal or sprouts. It could also cover phenomena such as “plant flowering” or “chewing rates”. Occurs in NEQ and southwards as far as south-eastern Queensland.


Best supported on Google Chrome, Firefox 3. In Indiait is also known as gahat, muthira, kulathor kulthi. Views Read Edit View history. Archaeological investigations have revealed the use of horse gram as food especially in India as origin around BC.

Media related to Macrotyloma uniflorum at Wikimedia Commons. Search in all groups Search within this group. Can include ecosystem services. Flowers about 6 mm diam. Grows vigorously in summer, seeds early and then drops its leaves in autumn to early winter. Stipules hairy, triangular, about x 2 mm.

Heavy rains during the initial stages of crop growth affect nodule formation owing to poor aeration macortyloma the soil. Also includes information referring to territorial extension of the individual or group in terms of its activities feeding, mating, etc. Natural History Natural History Cyclicity. All plant parts clothed in short translucent hairs.

Horse gram and moth bean are legumes of the tropics and subtropicsgrown mostly under dry-land agriculture. Has value as a pioneer legume or sometimes a regenerating annual in permanent pasture. Horse gram belongs to the genus Macrotyloma and contains 25 species indigenous to Africa and Asia.

Articles needing additional references from August All articles needing additional references Articles with ‘species’ microformats Articles containing Burmese-language text Commons category link from Wikidata Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms.


Macrotyloma uniflorum (Lam.)Verdc. | Species | India Biodiversity Portal

Click on images to enlarge Scale bar 10mm. Send a request for permission. Yellow mosaic virus is one of the major constraints for its uniflorhm in peninsular India. Technology Biodiversity in India. Life cycles are treated in the field for Life Cycle. Horse gram can be cultivated up to an altitude of m above the sea level.

Horse gram seed is low in fat and is excellent sources of protein, dietary fiber, a variety of micro-nutrients and phytochemicals still it has remained an underutilized food legume, consumed only by the farming communities of inaccessible areas and low-income groups.

Horse gram has been recognized macotyloma potential source of protein and other nutrients.

Pod shortly stipitate, slightly curved, smooth or tomentose, linear-oblong, 2. During the Neolithic period, through counter-migration of human beings, its cultivation was diffused to the northern and western parts of the Indian subcontinent.