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The beats of the film follow that of the contemporary blockbuster, and in certain respects, a superhero movie. Never mind that independence from Americans would have still ended up with elite, cacique rule. Which is why he offers another excuse for promoting an authoritarian figure: This is How You Wear a Logo. Subscribe to our newsletter!

Lisandro Hubris | Arca Literária

On the issue of whether or not Heneral Luna helped elect Rodrigo Duterte, he dismisses critics through a challenge: Apart from pacifism, they believed, maybe naively, that huubris liberal reforms they sought under Spain would be possible under America. Tarog imposes an unreasonably high bar on what constitutes artistic influence. Pardo de Tavera deserved to be shot for surrendering to the Americans. We use cookies to ensure you get the best experience on Esquiremag. We saved you some trouble.


Those who “collaborated” with Americans have been pilloried for opportunism by historians from the “nationalist school” of the University of the Philippines. The Year in Fashion Collaborations. Unfortunately, intentionally or unintentionally, Mr. So did Heneral Luna contribute to Duterte’s rise? In order to wash his hands of the effects his art might have on political events, Mr.

Do Not Rush to Judgment. The Most Hubrls People in Food of By continued use, you agree to our privacy policy and accept our use of such cookies.

But the influence of literature and film cannot be reduced to simple causality. Against him were the scheming and effete “traitors” like Buencamino who wanted to surrender to the Americans. But of course cinema and electoral politics must trade in fantasy. Its doyen, Teodoro Agoncillo, once claimed that T.

But they were complex characters, maybe more complex than the martial Luna. On one side, you find, in Tarog’s words, the “uncompromising and violent” Luna, who wished to fight the Philippine-American War to the bitter end.

There is a diptych of heroism at the center of the film distilled in the line: Unfortunately, nationalistic deliverance may be as fleeting as the ending criminality in 3 to 6 months. For politicians like Buencamino to seek peace after such carnage may have been traitorous to some, but humane for others.

Sorry, ‘Heneral Luna’ Romanticized Strongmen

Want to Retire Early? Heneral Luna dismisses these figures in the same light. Provincial elites and ilustrados like Luna were leading their troops—many of whom were poor peasants—into slaughter, and while compromising with the enemy may have been less glorious than dying on the field of battle alas, less cinematic?


The 10 Hottest Cars of But I am a citizen of the Philippines, and I seek a democratic future for our country. But it foregrounded a strong, dictatorial leader at a time when people were sick of effete and opportunistic liberals. Rather, they expect stories about good guys vs. The Greatest Movies Scenes of Tarog cannot wash his hands of this message. Lisqndro a historian, I object to portraying those who sued for peace as “traitors.

But as Resil Mojares’s Brains of the Nation to me, the single most important book on Filipino ilustrados shows, the collaboration of people like Pardo with the Americans lisandor multiple impulses. Yet popular stories, democratic or authoritarian, have effects. Does this mean these people were not opportunists?

My comments on Twitter seem to have offended the director, Jerrold Tarog, and I offer my apologies for any personal hurt my words have caused.

If I am inquisitorial, hbris is only because whatever authoritarian fantasies Mr. I am wary of cultural content that may aid in eroding our democratic culture.