Heterosis breeding is used to improve yield quantity and quality of Tomato ( Solanum Exploitation of hybrid vigor in Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) is economical and easy International Journal of Vegetable Science. study. Yield and leaf area showed highly significant heterosis in F1 hybrids ranging from to % and .. Harayana Agricultural University Journal of. Seven F1 wheat hybrids were tested at two different spacings of the plants within the rows. Although some crosses exhibited heterosis none yielded significantly.
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In order to conduct diallel analysis, combination general capacity GCA and combination specific capacity SCA were determined in accordance with the model proposed by Griffing and conforming to method 2, which includes genitors and F 1 hybrids, and considering model 1 fixed effect genotypes and random effect error.
Agroekosistem tanah mineral masam [Agroecosystem of acid minerals]. Ornamental in-pot cultivation for indoor decoration requires low plant height Carvalho et al.
These authors also reported the importance of small-sized fruits and in large quantity per plant, providing greater attractiveness for chili pepper plants.
Scientia Horticulturae,47— Diallel analysis for yield and yield attributing traits in Capsicum Capsicum annuum L. Negative heterosis for DFL and DFR indicate reduced number of days to flourishing and fruiting, with the early genotypes acting as the most appealing for producers Blat et al. Article Tools Print this article. Heterosis dan daya gabung karakter agronomi cabai Capsicum annuum L. Combining ability and heritability analysis for yield and yield contributing characters in chilli Capsicum annuum landraces.
In general, these results indicated predominance of GCA effects in relation to SCA ones, which means predominance of additive effects on height characteristic before and afterwards fruiting ; days to flourishing; fruit length and diameter, and number of fruits per plant.
The following fruit characteristics were evaluated: Means 1 and heterosis percentage compared to parent mean H for eight characteristics evaluated in complete diallel without reciprocals, among six parents of Capsicum annuum.
Heterosis Dan Heterobeltiosis Pada Persilangan 5 Genotip Cabai Dengan Metode Dialil – Neliti
There was a highly significant difference for all characteristics in terms of GCA and SCA, indicating that additive and dominance effects are important to control the studied traits. Karnataka Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 22 1— Estimates of general and specific combining ability GCA and SCAand mean square effects for eight agronomic traits in diallel crosses from six chili peppers parents, according to Method 2, Model 1 Griffing, Analysis of variance ANOVA with basis on the averages of each treatment was conducted for quantitative data.
Heterosis Heterosis varied from Alexandria Journal of Agricultural Research, 59 161— Potencial ornamental de acessos de pimenta. Parent F KG6 had the highest fruit number per plant. How to cite this article. Five genotypes of randomly selected peppers were intercrossed in diallel mating design in the Screen House of Indonesian Vegetable Research Institute on September Genetics and Molecular Research A generalised treatment of the use of diallel crosses in quantitative inheritance.
Heterosis studies in chilli Beterosis annuum L. In sequence, fruit length and number of fruits per plant had also great amplitude of variation in averages, both composing six classes.
Therefore, there is a possibility of hybrid exploitation as well as development of superior lineages from the progress of segregating generations. Diallel analysis of chili Capsicum annuum L. nurnal
Heterosis Dan Heterobeltiosis Pada Persilangan 5 Genotip Cabai Dengan Metode Dialil
To the expansion and valorization of this market segment, new products are required to supply the demand and attract potential supporters of the ornamental plant consumption. Seedlings were produced in polystyrene trays with cells containing commercial subtract and transplanting was conducted when the seedlings had four to six pairs of definitive leaves, by transferring them into 5-liter plastic pots filled spacing 1.
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia, 38 3— Research Heterosis and combining ability for ornamental chili pepper. Heterosis studies in chillies Capsicum annuum L. User Username Password Remember me. Crossings were managed by sampling newly opened floral buds of each male parent for pollen withdrawal. Female parent floral buds were emasculated in the junal before anthesis using tweezers.
However, for ornamental purposes, small-sized plants are preferred for pot cultivation. Heterosis studies for yield and maturity traits in sweet pepper Capsicum annuum L. Therefore the heterosis effect to create F1 hybrid could be expected on the 4 genotypes of F1.
Pollen of each parent was stored in refrigerator inside of properly identified amber glasses containing silica gel. Retrieved from website Kamble, C. Such reductions are desirable for ornamental Capsicum breeding programs. Concerning HET1, almost all hybrids had lower average compared to their parents heteorsis negative heterosis, except for UENF heterosus UENF that obtained higher height average than parents and positive heterosis.
Hybrid combinations, number of crosses performed, number of fruits, crossing success rate and number of seeds produced in crosses between six parents of Capsicum annuum.