The Jewish State – Theodor Herzl’s Program for Zionism. Theodore Herzl’s pamphlet Der Judenstaat, The Jewish State, was published in It heralded. Project Gutenberg · 58, free ebooks · 3 by Theodor Herzl. The Jewish State by Theodor Herzl. No cover available. Download; Bibrec. The Herzl text was originally published under the title Der Judenstaat in Vienna, Theodore Herzl was the first Jew who projected the Jewish question as an.
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Its remote juvenstaat is our loss of the power of assimilation during the Middle Ages; its immediate cause is our excessive production of mediocre intellects, who cannot find an outlet downwards or upwards — that is to say, no wholesome outlet in either direction.
The Jewish State
All our material welfare has been brought about by men of enterprise. We will seek to bestow the moral salvation of work on men of every age and of every class; and thus our people will find their strength again in the land of the seven-hour day. This will, in addition to the honors they expect, will be additional pay for their services. There will t fourteen hours of labor, work being done in shifts of three and a half hours.
The weaker characters among judenstqat, discouraged by external pressure, spoilt by the soft-hearted charity of our rich men, easily sink until they take to begging. Is it not true, that our poor endure greater sufferings than any other proletariat?
“The Jewish State” (Theodor Herzl)
Let the sovereignty be granted us over a portion of the globe large enough to satisfy the rightful requirements of a nation; the rest we shall manage for ourselves. In any case the Truck system will be enforced only during the first few years, and it will benefit the workmen by preventing their being exploited by small traders, landlords, etc.
If the emigrating business proprietor wishes to carry on his old business in the new country, he can make his arrangements for it from the very commencement. How many days would they hold out when hunger drove them there? The Maccabeans will rise again.
For the Society will weigh, Select and decide, and will not give its approbation till it is sure of the existence of a sound basis ior the conscientious carrying out of the judehstaat. From the preface he wrote for the Jewish State, it appears that he was inspired in part by a socialist Utopia written by Theodor Hertzka, another Vienna visionary.
The very impossibility of getting at the Jews nourishes and embitters hatred of them. I feel almost ashamed of writing down so trite a remark. To this I should reply: We naturally move to those places where we are not persecuted, and there our presence produces persecution.
The Jewish State – Theodor Herzl’s Program for Zionism
The non-transferable goods which come under consideration are buildings, land, and local business connections. But should these gentlemen, who are quite satisfied with their lot, feel indisposed to do anything for their fellow-Jews who re unjustly held responsible for the large possessions of certain individuals, then the realization of this plan will afford an opportunity for drawing a clear line of distinction between them and the rest of Jewry.
Although the Society cannot at the outset possess any but moral authority, this authority will suffice to establish the credit of the Jewish Company in the nation’s eyes. Poor Jews feel only the hatred which this financial power provokes; its use in alleviating their lot as a body, they uudenstaat not yet felt. It will not permit experiments with insufficient means, for this undertaking must succeed at the first attempt.
A fourth method might be the continued working of the business under the original proprietors, who would return at intervals to inspect their property, as foreigners, and as such, under the protection of law in every civilized State. Herzl died in and was buried in Vienna.
The Society of Jews herxl be in a position to prepare scientifically accurate statistics of our human forces.
The first poor settlers will be his first customers; these will be followed by emigrants of a higher class, who require superior goods. Dull brains might, for instance, imagine that this exodus would be from civilized regions into the desert.
Independent workers must also be discovered and supplied by the Society’s agency. A forcing of prices is not to be considered, because the value of the land will be created by the Company through its organizing the settlement in conjunction with the supervising Society of Jews. The Society of Jews, whose members are not business men, might try to found the Company on a national subscription.
Herzl’s The Jewish State included social innovations such as the seven-hour working day.
The Jewish entrepreneurs will soon realize the business prospects that the new country offers. The original owners of these concerns will either enter the Company’s service, or establish themselves independently “over hrrzl. The Jews who wish for a State will have it. No human being is wealthy or powerful enough to transplant a nation from one habitation to another. The great financiers, moreover, will certainly not be asked to judenstast an amount so enormous out of pure philanthropic motives; that would be expecting too much.
I think this jucenstaat not discreditable. The Jewish question exists wherever Jews live in perceptible numbers. In the second place, the Jewish Company might take them over, paying for them partly in land, partly in cash.
And the people, to whom we had promised nothing, because we cannot promise anything without deceiving them, these excellent, keen business men will gaily create most active commercial intercourse. Its central office will be in London, so as to be under the legal protection of a power which is not at present Anti-Semitic. These men will, of course, not be sweated, but will work only a seven-hour day; and, in spite of their change of locality, they will preserve their organization, work out their term of service, and receive commands, promotions, and pensions.
As in Herzl’s utopian vision, Israel evolved, through conscious effort, to an advanced technological society. Such a procedure is utterly wrong, and all the money in the world will not achieve its purpose.
The new tasks and prospects that await our people in the new country will satisfy our present handicraftsmen, and will transform many present small traders into manual workers.