John Gerard: John Gerard, English herbalist, author of The Herball, or generall historie of plantes (). In Gerard went to London to become an. The Herball or Generall Historie of Plantes (). John Gerarde. Publisher: John Norton Year: Town: London. Complete PDF-Version of this book. Trained as a Barber-surgeon, John Gerard () divided his time working as superintendent of the gardens of William Cecil, Lord Burghley ().

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A chapter in the history of botany, — 2nd ed. Two decades after Gerard’s death, the book was corrected and expanded to about pages.

The herball, or, Generall historie of plantes

John Gerard was born in Nantwich, Cheshire around Gerard was one of the most respected plant experts of his time, but, strangely, he was not the primary author of the famous herbal that bears his name. After his death in Februaryhe was buried at St Andrews, Holborn on 18 February, but the grave is unmarked.

Although Gerard acknowledges Priest’s role, he implies that he died prior to commencing the work. According to Anna PavordGerard was a doer, not a thinker and a plantsman, not a scholar.

John Gerard – Wikipedia

Institute of Historical Research. But Gerard was not sufficiently knowledgeable to match all the geraard descriptions with their proper illustrations.

Norton decided to proceed with publication despite these difficulties. He was a mindful editor: In addition, what should verard page 33 is numbered 29, and so forth, so that all pages following the 33rd page are four numbers off. Old English herbals Although Francis Bacon advocated inductive thinking based on observation or description empiricism as the way to understand and report on the natural world, the early Renaissance printed herbals were slightly modified adaptations of the works of their medieval predecessors.

John Gerard Frontispiece of edition of Herball. Fox-glove boiled in water or wine, and drunken, doth cut and consume the thick toughnesse of grosse and slimie flegme and naughty humours; it openeth also the stopping of the liver, spleene, and milt, and of other inward parts. Gerard was superintendent of the gardens of William Ceciladvisor to Queen Elizabeth. Ancient and medieval physicians recommended Gentian primarily as an antidote to poison.


Brown, Mark 19 May Books and articles [ edit ] Arber, Agnes [ reissue ]. Garret made a chance visit to the Norton publishing shop, where he discovered the proofs of the Herballand alerted the Nortons as both to errors he discovered in the proofs and to the incorporation of some of L’Obel’s material in Gerard’s new book. Tabor, Edward 1 January InGerard published his Catalogue Catalogus arborum, fruticum, ac plantarum tam indigenarum, quam exoticarum, in horto Johannis Gerardi civis et chirurgi Londinensis nascentiuma list of rare plants 1, different kinds he cultivated in his own garden at Holborn, where he introduced exotic plants from the New World, including a plant he misidentified as the Yucca.

After Gerard’s death inan enlarged, revised and corrected edition of the Herball was issued in [30] and reprinted as a third edition in Rembert DodoensFlemish physician and botanist whose Stirpium historiae pemptades sex sive libri XXX is considered one of the foremost botanical works of the late 16th…. Many of the pages are mis-numbered, including: Although Gerard was an experienced collector and plantsman, unlike L’Obel he lacked scholarship, as is evident in his dedication to Burghley, where he paints a picture of himself as a gardener.

Agnes Arber recounts a story of a man born in that in his childhood there was a woman who used the Herball for treating the ailments of her neighbours. Jackson, Benjamin Daydoned. Gerard wrote his text to fit the previously-printed continental woodblocks, explaining how many included plants are plants that are not native to England.

However, Gerard was then faced with the difficulty of matching them to the text and frequently mislabelled them. Gerard highly recommended aloe juice as a purgative and vermifuge: In addition to the general desire for greater accuracy in publication, the discovery of previously unknown plants brought over from the Americas familiarized botanists with the concept of geographical variation and distribution, broadening the scope of the genre.

To this day Yucca bears the name Gerard gave it. Gerard’s Herball contains profuse, high-quality drawings of plants, with the printer’s woodcuts largely derived from Continental European sources, but there is an original title page with a copperplate engraving by William Rogers. Although it was recognised amongst scholars that it was a pirated work, with many limitations, at that time [23] there is evidence of the book still being in practical use as a medicinal herbal, even in the early 19th century.


The Jewel house of art and nature: English naturalists from Neckham to Ray: The Herball was immensely popular. Amongst his qualifications he wrote “by reason of his travaile into farre countries his great practise and long experience”.

Dictionary of National Biography. Having safely planted and replanted many mandrakes, Gerard condemned the fantastic tales.

Herbalists English botanists English botanical writers births s deaths English male writers People from Nantwich Pre-Linnaean botanists. John Gerard worked within the early wave of Renaissance natural historians, who sought to systematise natural history while retaining the gerrd of the ancients. Jackson, Benjamin Daydon There is no evidence for this claim and nothing seems to have come of his application.

While an apprentice, he traveled and found several previously unknown plants in Britain, then continued his botanical explorations and published johj books on the subject: The publisher John Norton, who was the Queen’s Printerapproached Gerard regarding a possible English translation hebrall Dodoens ‘ popular herbal, Stirpium historiae pemptades sex Gerard’s Herball references many of the poisonous plants mentioned in Shakespeare ‘s plays.

Gerard and L’Obel were gegard who made occasional field trips together. Contact with the Native Americans and their strange, uniquely American plants prompted an expansion of European herbals. At the bottom of the article, feel free to list any sources that support your changes, so that we can fully understand their context. The earliest watercolor painting of a flowering potato plant is datedwhen Clusius was sent two tubers.

Generally, these somewhat unscientific early scientists contented themselves with listing plants and occasionally other things like animals and minerals, and noting their medical uses.