To change this template file, choose Tools | Templates. * and open the template in the editor. */. package polymorphisme;. import r;. import eric. Ce cours introduit la programmation orientée objet (encapsulation, abstration, héritage, polymorphisme) en l’illustrant en langage Java. Il présuppose connues . Membres · Modificateurs d’accès; Héritage; Encapsulation · Polymorphisme · Classes En Java, ce mécanisme est mis en œuvre au moyen du mot-clé extends.

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This principle can also be applied to object-oriented programming and languages like the Java language. When the compiler sees e. Or, the bike has a front and back shock absorber, Dual.

Here is the RoadBike class:. Here is a test program that creates three Bicycle variables. Any Java object that can pass more than one IS-A test is considered to be polymorphic. The type of the reference variable would polymorphismf the methods that it can invoke on the object.

Note that once again, the printDescription method has been overridden. Overriding and Hiding Methods Next page: Examples and practices described in this page don’t take advantage of improvements introduced in later releases. Subclasses of a class can define their own unique behaviors and yet share some of the same functionality of the parent class.

The MountainBike has a Dual suspension.

Java Polymorphism

A reference variable can refer to any object of its declared type or any subtype of its declared type. This time, information about the tire width is displayed.


An overridden method is invoked at run time, no matter what data type the reference is that was used in the source code at compile time. Oplymorphisme MountainBikeadd a field for suspensionwhich is a String value that indicates if the bike has a front shock absorber, Front.

An overridden method is essentially hidden in the parent class, and is not invoked unless the child class uses the super keyword within the overriding method. The reference variable can be reassigned to other objects provided that it is not declared final.

Java – Polymorphism

In this section, I will show you how the pooymorphisme of javva methods in Java allows you to take advantage of polymorphism when designing your classes. Bike is in gear 5 with a cadence of 20 and travelling at a speed of Polymorphism can be demonstrated with a minor modification to the Bicycle class. This behavior is referred to as virtual method invocation, and these methods are referred to as virtual methods.

Once declared, the type of a reference variable cannot be changed.

Programmation Java/Héritage

The two subclasses override the printDescription method and print unique information. It is important to know that the only possible way to access an object is through a reference variable. Each variable is then printed. In addition to the information provided before, additional data about the suspension is included to the output. The most common use of polymorphism in OOP occurs when a parent class reference is used to refer to a child class object.


This behavior is referred to as virtual method invocation and demonstrates an aspect of the important polymorphism features in the Java language. Polymorphism is the ability of an object to take on many forms. Here, we instantiate two Salary objects.

A reference variable can be declared as a class or interface type. To summarize, there are three classes: Multiple Inheritance of State, Implementation, and Type. Next, create the RoadBike class. Java – Polymorphism Advertisements.

Interfaces and Inheritance Section: The Java virtual machine JVM calls the appropriate method for the object that is referred to in each variable. Here, at compile time, mava compiler used mailCheck in Employee to validate this statement. Learning the Java Language Lesson: One using a Salary reference sand the other using an Employee reference e.

Oolymorphisme RoadBike has 23 MM tires. A reference variable can be of only one type. In Java, all Java objects are polymorphic since any object will pass the IS-A test for their own type and for the class Object.

BicycleMountainBikeand RoadBike. To demonstrate polymorphic features in the Java language, extend the Bicycle class with a MountainBike and a RoadBike class.