Irenaean theodicy is ‘soul making’. His theodicy is more concerned with the development of humanity. Irenaeus distinguished between the ‘image’ and the. (25 Marks) The Irenaeus Theodicy, often called Soul Making, is a counterpart to Augustine’s Theodicy, yet it is also and opposing argument. Irenaeus’ theodicy is . A MODERN IRENAEAN THEODICY -. PROFESSOR HICK ON EVIL. Brian A. Davies. In attempting to deal with the traditional problem of evil. Christian.

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Would a loving God use evil? Hick’s theodicy is based on the same one as Irenaeus. Ethical egoism Euthyphro dilemma Logical positivism Religious language Verificationism eschatological Problem of evil Theodicy Augustinian Irenaean Best of all possible worlds Inconsistent triad Natural evil.

Thank you very much! Suffering and evil are: Inphilosopher John Hick discussed the similarities of the preceding theodicies, calling them all “Irenaean”.

Evil offers the opportunity to grow morally. The doctrine proposes that God is benevolent but suggests that his power is restricted to persuasion, rather than coercion and so is unable to prevent certain evil events from occurring. He conceived sin as being an obstruction to humanity’s dependence on God, arguing that it is almost inevitable, but citing Jesus as an example of a sinless man, whose consciousness of God was unobstructed. God foretold that this fall would happen and therefore sent his son, Jesus Christ, so that humanity may irfnaean reconciled with God.

Retrieved 6 September Suffering does not sit easily with the concept of a loving God. Irenaeaus believed that this world would include some suffering and evil to help people draw closer to God.


According to the Irenaean tradition, humans are not created perfectly, but in a state of imperfection. There are no angels or external forces at work here. British philosopher Richard Swinburne proposed that, to make a free moral choice, humans must have experience of the consequences of their irenadan actions and that natural evil must exist to provide such choices.

Irenaean theodicy

Robert Melse argued that, although suffering does sometimes bring about good, not all suffering is valuable and that most does more harm than good. Hick justifies this by appealing to the concept theodciy mystery.

These laws are independent of our needs, and operate regardless of anything. Unlike Augustine, who claimed that humanity destroyed a perfect world, Hick and Irenaeus say that hteodicy perfect world is one to look forward to. Typical to variations of the Irenaean theodicy is the notion that the present world is the greatest possible world, or the best of all possible worlds. These good, moral traits are best as they come from free will. If we proceed on this definite assumption that all belonging to the human race are eventually taken up theoddicy loving fellowship with Christ, there is nothing for it but this single divine fore-ordination.

Hick held that it would be possible for God to create beings that would always freely choose to do good, but argued that a genuine relationship requires the possibility of rejection.

Phillips maintained throughout his work that humans are incapable of fully understanding God, and presented an understanding of the moral diversity of human existence.

Hick did attempt to address this issue: Soul-making is the theory that evil has to exist so that humans can develop their souls by living and becoming good, moral people. Numerous variations of theodicy have been proposed which all maintain that, while evil exists, God is either not responsible for creating evil, or he is not guilty for creating evil.


He proposed a universalist theory, arguing that all humans would eventually reach heaven. Retrieved 17 September Blocher proposed that Hick must then accept a level irenqean determinismthough not going all the way. Despite this, he did not reject the existence of Hell outright, as to do so could make living morally in this life irrelevant. We are in an immature moral state, though we have the potential for moral perfection.

Because Irenaeus saw the purpose of the world to be the development of the moral character of humans, he believed that a good world would be best suited to that purpose.

Irenaeus’ Theodicy – Advantages and disadvantages table in A Level and IB Religious Studies

Friedrich Schleiermacher argued in the nineteenth century that God must necessarily create flawlessly, so this world must be the best possible world because it allows God’s purposes to be naturally fulfilled. Hunger leads to pain, and causes a desire to feed.

Jonah ended up repenting for his sin and the people of Nineveh turn to God. God endured Jonah’s absorption, man’s long punishment. John Hick published Evil and the God of Love inin which he developed a theodicy based on the work of Irenaeus.