Read about Indological Approach of Study of Modernization of Indian Tradition. Guide to Sociology Students. G. S. Ghurye and the Politics of Sociological Knowledge Naicker .. significance to a grand Indological conception of sacred, and indeed sacerdotal, values. scholars are like B.K. Sarkar, G.S. Ghurye, R.K. Mukherjee, K.M. Kapadia, Irawati Ghurye’s Indological Approach hovers around the study of Indian Culture.

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Therefore they were also called as the Indologist.

Hindu culture has local cultures as Kali, Shiva, Vaishnav etc 4. Tribes Issues of Integration and Autonomy. Culture and society 3. He emphasized on Indological approach in the study of social and cultural life in India and the elsewhere. His works were like- 1. Ghurye’s flexible approach to theory and methodology in sociology and social anthropology in sociology and social anthropology was born of his faith in intellectual freedom which is reflected in the diverse theoretical and methodological approaches.

Caste gave self ghugye as occupation were reciprocating and complementary rather than for gaining wealth.

Caste and politics in Tamil Nadu 5. Civil and religious disabilities and privileges of different section 5. Hence their assimilation within. Mobility in Caste system. Ghurye points out that caste was considered as central to organized form of division of labour in Aryan inology.

Indological Approach of G.S.Ghurye

According to the roles assigned they have to perform it. He studied caste in attributional manner in terms of its various 6 features namely Division of Labour, principle of purity pollution, hierarchy, civil and religious disability, hereditary nature and endogamy.

Civil and religious disabilities: They both are different from eachother as sociological persepective deals with societal sphere and indological persepective deals with only indian society its problems and civilisation. Ghurye views an urban planner must tackle the problems of sufficient supply of drinking water, human congestion, traffic congestion, regulation of public vehicles, insufficiency of railway transport in cities, erosion of trees, sound pollution, indiscriminate tree felling and plight of the pedestrians.

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None of the various techniques can, ghuryd itself, lead to any valid conclusion about ancient India; combined empirical operations are indispensable Siddiqi, Tribes and Modernisation 2.

In modern times he talks about status of caste, he saw formation of caste associations as spreading of caste consciousness and he referred to it as. After his study, Ghurye emphasis two important points as caste and kinship.

Social classes in India. Ghurye’s Approach His approach is combination of Historical context, diffusionist and descriptive ethnography Culture is central element throughout his work. Indology demands inter-disciplinary, multi- disciplinary and cross disciplinary approach”. The entire gamut of activities in the society is divided into four types like. They lived in forest stayed away from material world, comfort, power and temptation.

Madan, replacing Dumont and Pocock. Tribal Communities – Definitional Problems.

Indological or Textual Perspective of Sociology – Explained

It basically implies the Division of Labour. The wide range of the two principal braches of the Indo-European people and Europe and other interest of work are like Rajput architecture and funerary monuments, sadhus in India, Sex in America, Shakespeare, Kalidas, Castes, Tribes and Races, metropolitan civilization and so on. His study came when majority anthropologist claimed that separate identity of tribes be maintained.

Caste System – Perspectives by Ghurye. Dumont and Pocock It made a claim that Indian Society is unique in structure, function and dynamics and cannot be associated with the European Society. Basically interested in inductive empirical exercises and depicting Indian social reality using any source material —primarily Indological — his theoretical position bordered on laissez-faire. Ghurye was initially influenced by the reality of diffusionist approach of British social anthropology but subsequently he switched on to the studies of Indian society from indological and anthropological perspectives.

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The texts basically included the classical ancient literature of ancient Indian society such as Vedas, Puranas, Manu Smriti, Ramayana, Mahabharata and others. He joined Elphinstone College where he did his B. Tribal Communities- Definitional Problems 2. Acc to him Indian society is a Hindu Society and cannot be understood without understanding Hindu Tradition. Acc to him caste was result of necessity, Cultural Diffusion and a product of values rather than the coercion. Ghurye, Louis Dumont and others.

In the application of theories to empirical exercises or in the use of methodologies for data collection he was not dogmatic.

Indological or Textual Perspective of Sociology – Explained

They have tremendously enriched the field of Indian sociology. Civil and religious disabilities expressed the rigidity of the caste system.

Structural Functionalism by M N Srinivas. To develop Indological perspective he studied Vedas, Shastras and poetry of Kalidas plus similar traditional texts – thus a classical sociologist.

Notes for UPSC: Indology (G S Ghurye)

His Book Caste and Race in India – gives theory of origin of caste and caste patriotism. He draws parallel between caste and tribe and calls tribals as backward.

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