of the Rehla had said, ‘ThiB 1 I.e. journey or travelling ; also -written as Rihla. 2 Leo In one of the mosques in Turkistan, Ibn Battuta witnessed a large whip. ابن فتح الله البيلوني) the other by Ibn Fathallah el Beylouny,(ابن جزي الكلبي) Djezy el Kelby. SOI printed by mistake ali i v LJI); the latter I possess.” He tells. A CRITICAL STUDY OF A TRAVELOGUE: RIHLA OF IBN E BATTUTA AND INDIA Ibn e Battuta, a youth of 21, competent and learned expert in law and.

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Failing to find a safe crossing point, he went through Syria and Palestine before reaching Mecca. For Ibn Battuta, it went longer than any other. The Travels of Marco Polo.

High quality porcelain is one such things; the huge size of hens and cockerels is another. Paris, reprint of the edition.

Ibn Battuta

Travels inn Asia and Africa ]Medieval Sourcebook: This page was last edited on 16 Julyat It is not the fault of the translator inasmuch as he translated from an abridged Arabic manuscript. Crater Ibn Battuta on the Moon [6. Thus as Rosenthal reckon, Ibn Battuta’s observations are not just undisputed, he also contributes considerably to our knowledge, his data being often the only ones we have to fill our knowledge of particular parts of the globe [17].

The Adventures of Ibn Battuta: New York Ibnn Press.

They took necessary steps like managing the caravan sarais, examining passports, taxing and monitoring strictly those going in or out,24 and allowing to travel through after carefully scrutinizing process by the authorities. Moroccan stamp depicting Ibn Battuta.

Ibn Battuta’s Rihla – World Digital Library

We kept spreading felt clothes in front of the camels for them to tread on, so that they would not sink in the snow. Write a product review. The only medieval traveler known to have visited the lands of every Muslim ruler of his time, Ibn Battuta was born into a family of highly respected religious judges and educated as a theologian.

Leaving his homeland at the age of 21 to make the holy pilgrimage to Mecca, he performed a series of extraordinary journeys that spanned nearly three decades and took him as far away as India and China, but also to the Volga River valley and south to Tanzania. He was attacked inn the rebel bandits near the town of al-Jalali, near Delhi.


He remained for battut year in Makkah and performed his third Hajj. The sojourn ended in about a year when he left China via the same sea route to Calicut. He batthta in a camel caravan of returning pilgrims, and this is when his real globetrotting began.

He met at least 60 rulers and a much greater number of viziers, governors, and other dignitaries; he mentioned more than 2, persons who battutta known to him personally or whose tombs he visited.

His own character also made his long travels possible as he inter-mingled with the indigenous people, even married there inn behaved as was from among them. It seems that Ibne Battuta made Makkah the pivotal point of his travels, as his adventures started and terminated from here. Batttuta Battuta’s personal contribution, Rosenthal concludes, lies in the single mindedness with which he travelled in order to learn more and more about humans and nature, in the skill he showed for ferreting out meaningful facts, and in his realization of the importance of these facts for the growth of human knowledge.

Amazon Prime Music Stream millions of songs, ad-free. Ibn Battuta says, he went one day to see the sultan, who had by his side a quantity of pearls which had just been fished in his kingdom. These journeys covered almost the entirety of the known Islamic world, extending from batttua North and West Africa to Pakistan, India, the Maldives, Sri Lanka, Southeast Asia and China, a distance readily surpassing that of his predecessor and near-contemporary Marco Polo.

Anatolia had become a centre for trade in metal wares, battutx, silk, woollen cloths, grain, fur, timber and slaves. Ibn e Battuta was appreciated ibh endowed with the post of Judge by the Sultan with the assistance of two experts in Hanafi Fiqh as he himself was educated in Maliki school.


Dunn’s work is far more interesting and informative. Alexandria and Damascus were two highlights on the part of the trip that followed. I was alone, rhila companions, not in a caravan, but I was stirred by a powerful urge to reach my goal Mecca … I left my friends and my home, just as a bird leaves its parental nest.

He reached to al-Qiram and availed the chance to travel to Volga under the patronage of Kipchak ruler Uzbeg Khan. So, in November, he joined an official caravan to Persia.

Rihla – Wikipedia

Bttuta purpose was to enlighten the reader about remarkable and other marvellous things and events that could be observed in other countries and to deepen his understanding of human society and his respect for the divine handiwork in all its richness and variety [32]. The orthography is quite legible.

Rihla consists of three types: The passer byes told the boy to take the pieces to the foundation for utensils. The Indians, on the inb hand, “never make friends with Muslims, and never give them to eat or drink out of their vessels, although at the same time they neither act nor speak offensively to them [26].

The orientalists again are doubtful about the accuracy of hattuta dates, bwttuta those relating his travel from Makkah to India, arguing that it would have been impossible to cover such enormous distances from Mecca in the course of only one year. The governor of one city gave him alms of gold and woolen cloth, as almsgiving was considered a pillar of Islam. This is a minor quibble as such an exercise would require the translator to also be a historical geographer.

Travels of a Moroccan Scholar in France in The vast networks of trade routes were safeguarded and protected by regional monarchs carefully. This holy man saw that Ibn Battuta had a passion for travel.