Cross-Cultural Themes Series. Author, Peter T. Furst. Edition, illustrated, reprint. Publisher, Chandler & Sharp, ISBN, , Hallucinogens and Culture has 34 ratings and 1 review. Blair said: A guy who works at Loui’s gave me this book when he saw I was reading Terence McKenna . HALLUCINOGENS AND CULTURE by PETER T. FURST. San. Francisco: Chandler & Sharp Publishers, Inc., pp. $ Reviewed by William.
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In the halkucinogens place, the origin myth in which a dismembered Pygmy transforms into the sacred hallucinogenic plant is essentially similar to the Colombian Indian tradition of the Yaje Woman and her baby, whose dismembered body becomes Banisteriopsis caapi see below. How much of this is a syncretism with Christianity and how hallkcinogens is original with the Fang is difficult cullture say.
In the intervening years, during which the epithet indica has been used, there has usually been the inference that it is a more strongly intoxicating form of Cannabis. Obviously, many significant areas of research in psychopharmacology and ethnobotany, hallucinoens well as some interesting and as yet little- understood nonchemical “techniques of ecstasy” have had to be slighted, in favor of in- depth treatment of some others of more general interest.
Like South American Indians, Fang women also make quids of tobacco and ashes which they hold in their cheeks or under the tongue and which are said to produce a state of pleasant lassitude. Malcolm X, for example, describes his prison experience with nutmeg intoxication in his Autobiography Hallucinogenic Snuffs And Animal Symbolism To all this were added hairy black worms, their hair filled with venom, injuring those who touch them. My Huichol informants say that evil shamans have their own special tobacco, which may or may not be true in the literal sense, but which in any case reminds one of a Carib Indian tradition frust a mythological contest between a good and a bad shaman.
This fact may come as a surprise, but the ministers of the Colonial church knew whereof they spoke.
Lamarck suggested as early as that the content of the intoxicating principle was higher in Cannabis indica than in C. In this hallucinogejs it might be noted that in depictions in Maya art of bloodletting rituals of the most severe kind the expressions of the individuals involved are calm and serene, lacking any indication of physical suffering.
Although the family as a whole is rich in alkaloids, T. From a strictly botanical point of view, one would have expected the reverse to be true: Be the first to ask a question about Hallucinogens and Culture.
Largely because of public or official hysteria over recreational marihuana use, medical demand for Cannabis extracts was until recently very low, but beginning in there has been a sharp upturn in experimental use of Cannabis as medication for a variety of disorders, including alcoholism, heroin and amphetamine dependence, emotional disturbance, and even glaucoma. Some branches of hqllucinogens Bwiti cult mix alan and eboka.
The natural and cultural history of tobacco Nicotiana spp. Eboka, goes a Fang story recorded by Fernandez pp. Clearly, then, there is a world yet to be discovered. He died and Zame brought his spirit to him. It is a drink which has inebriating effects.
The only correlation that could be found between ganja and crime was a technical one: Coe was able to identify a curious object held by a jaguar deity on another painted Maya vessel as an enema syringe.
Weil has argued that “the desire to alter consciousness periodically is an innate, normal drive analogous to hunger or the sexual drive” p. It was the sacred picietl of Aztec ritual and medicine, also the divine tobacco of the Indians of the eastern Woodlands and also, probably, the petum of aboriginal Brazil. The seeds were also found in all the later cultural strata, up to the abandonment of the site. It was La Barre’s hypothesis, then, 1 that the magicoreligious use of hallucinogenic plants by American Indians represents a survival from a very ancient Paleolithic and Mesolithic shamanistic stratum, and that its linear ancestor is likely to be an archaic form of the shamanistic Eurasiatic fly-agaric cults that survived in Siberia into the present century, and 2 that while profound socioeconomic and religious transformations brought about the eradication of ecstatic shamanism and knowledge of intoxicating mushrooms and other plants over most of Eurasia, a very different set of historical and cultural circumstances favored their survival and elaboration in the New World.
Because I want to devote more space in this chapter to the harmala alkaloids, whose subjective effects in psychotherapy sometimes strikingly resemble those reported from the aboriginal cultural context, the discussion of ibogaine will be limited to a summary of its role in African cults for a wider discussion of its application to psychiatry see Naranjo’s The Healing Journey, pp.
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For, quite apart from fust biochemical effects, as several field workers have noted, it is primarily the mind set and the culture of the user and his social group that determine the nature and intensity of the ecstatic experience and how that experience is interpreted and assimilated. Sahagun’s Florentine Codex and other writings include an impressive array of herbal lore which, together hallucinoogens the botanical and medicinal compilations of his learned contemporary, the royal physician Francisco Hernandez, is the indispensable starting point for any botanical, taxonomical, or ethnographic investigation of the sacred hallucinogens.
Nevertheless, the aboriginal Indian tobaccos have nowhere passed into secular use. For example, the Huichols of Mexico refer to N. Chapter 13 characterizes the relationship between reindeer and a psychodelic mushroom.
In contrast, the gymnosperms, comprising seed plants with naked seeds not enclosed in an ovary such as the conifers ; ferns; lichens; algae; bacteria; and bryophytes nonflowering plants with rhizoids instead of true roots, comprising the mosses and liverwortsall seem to be lacking in psychedelically active members Schultes, a.
These blessings of civilized life had to await the coming of the Europeans. The yaje is distributed at prescribed intervals and with ritual gestures and speech-making by fursst headman, who fills the cups halucinogens the sacred maternal yaje vessel, while the men sit or continue their dancing.
Thompson devotes an entire chapter to the meaning and uses of anv divine tobacco among the May a and their neighbors, from which I wish only to quote the summation pp.
Hallucinogens and Culture (Chandler & Sharp series in cross-cultural themes)
Rediscovery In Mexico 69 8. The “Diabolic Root” 97 II. In many cases this process of determination included personal confrontation of these forces in the ecstatic trance, often with the aid of plants to which supernatural powers were ascribed.
Pipes are made from clay which deer, antelope, elk, jackrabbits, or prairie dogs have chewed in order to extract salt. Each distribution of yaje is formally introduced by the blowing of a decorated clay trumpet. As a result of this original act, each phratry has its own particular kind of yaje based not on species differentiation but on different external appearances of the plant and the ways its effects are perceived. No less than seven of the eight species represented by pollen grains in the burial have now been identified by the noted French palynologist A.
Whether or not such visions might have been facilitated by a combination of physical ordeal and hallucinogenic mushrooms of the kind that abound in the Usumacinta basin cannot be stated with certainty in the present state of our knowledge of ancient May a religion. There is deep beauty there which we, in our materialistic world, bombarded with advertising on television and in print of some young man lighting a girl’s cigarette as a prelude to conquest, are unable to share or even to perceive.
Book by Furst, Peter T. Fernandez also notes that Bwiti eboka is the left-hand plant— the left side of the chapel is female— while the phallic mushroom stands at the right, or male, side, repeating the directional juxtaposition of eboka and mushroom at the entrance to the mythic cave of death and rebirth.
Whatever the personal and social damage of heroin addiction and its functional relationship to street crime and corruption, there is a demonstrable correlation between drinking and many thousands of annual highway deaths, as well as homicide, child abuse, and other violence, with a total social cost immeasurably higher than that attributable to heroin.
Yaje or yage is a Tukanoan word widely employed in the northwest Amazon, and for the reason that by far the best anthropological analysis ever written on the complex mythological, symbolic, and social meanings of the Banisteriopsis drink in the aboriginal world comes from the Tukanoan Desana of Colombia Reichel-Dolmatoff, that is what we will call it here.