Learn more about the Gulper eel – with amazing Gulper eel videos, photos and facts on Arkive. Eurypharynx pelecanoides is a species of deep-sea marine eel in the family Eupharyngidae with an extraordinarily large expanding mouth, extremely long jaws. Range Description: Eurypharynx pelecanoides is circumglobally distributed in tropical and temperate waters. Recent records include the Gulf of Mexico.

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Gulper eels are also unusual that the ampullae of the lateral line system projects from the peldcanoides, rather than being contained in a narrow groove; this may increase its sensitivity.

Check-list of the Fishes of the Eastern Tropical Atlantic. Native range All suitable habitat Point map. Reed New Holland pp.

Contrary eury;harynx some deep-sea fish, Pelican Eels have tiny teeth, implying that the large mouth is probably used like a large net; The Pelican Eel can swim into a group of shrimp or other crustaceans with its mouth wide open, scooping them up as it goes. The names are derived from its most notable feature: Contrary to true eels, gulper eels lack pelvic fins, swim bladders, and scales.

Molecular Biology and Pelecanojdes They are ray-finned fish, and only resemble eels in appearance.

Tail attenuated and ending in an expanded, luminous caudal organ. Pelican Eels live in the deep oceanic midwaters and mostly feed on deep-sea crustaceans captured in pelexanoides huge mouths.

Eurypharynx pelecanoides

Eurypharyngidaewith Comments on Reproductive Strategy. Feeds on a variety of mesopelagic and bathypelagic prey including crustaceans, fishes and squid, by engulfing them in the enormous mouth. We made two versions of this species.

Gulper eel The mouth of the Gulper Eel can open wide enough to swallow long things much larger than the eel itself. Sur un pelecanoices des grandes profondeurs de l’Atlantique, l’ Eurypharynx pelecanoides. Despite the great size of the jaws, which occupy about a quarter of the animal’s total length, it has only tiny teeth, which would not be consistent with a regular diet of large fish.


Not much is known about the reproductive habits of the gulper eel. The gulper eel uses its long whip-like tail for movement. Articles with ‘species’ microformats Commons category link is locally defined Commons category link is on Wikidata using P Use dmy dates from April The gulper eel is very different in appearance to most other [true] eel species. Marine; bathypelagic; depth range – m Ref. Terms of Use – The displayed portlet may be used as a link from your website to Arkive’s online content for private, scientific, conservation or educational purposes only.

The Gulper Eel has been found in the temperate and tropical areas of all oceans. Rodents of Unusual Size. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Families Cyematidae, Eurypharyngidae and Saccopharyngidae.

Pelican eel

Lindsey Paretti – Blood Island. The gulper eel has also been described by the synonyms Gastrostomus pacificusMacropharynx longicaudatusGastrostomus bairdiiEurypharynx richardiand Leptocephalus pseudolatissimus ; despite this, nobody has been able to demonstrate that more than one species of pelican eel exists.

Retrieved from ” https: Rodents of Unusual Size communitycoypudocumentaryecosystemenvironmentfilmmakerfilmmakinginvasiveinvasive speciesrodentsUSAWetlandswildlife Monday 24 September Wildscreen With – Tom Hooker: The light organ at the tail tip may lure predators to attack the least vulnerable part of the Pelican Eel’s body Smith Remarks The light organ at the tail tip may lure predators to attack the least vulnerable part of the Pelican Eel’s body Smith Conventional and X-ray images of preserved Eurypharynx pelecanoides.

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Pelican eel – Wikipedia

Estimates of some properties based on models Preferred temperature Ref. Pelican eels lack scales and are covered in black velvety skin. It is also referred to as the pelican eeurypharynxpelican gulperand umbrella-mouth gulper. Many researchers believe that the eels die shortly after reproduction. Species Image Gallery prev next. The Pelican Eel is the only known member of the genus Eurypharynx and the family Eurypharyngidae. If you are able to help please contact: Adults feed mainly on crustaceans, euryphaeynx also take fishes, cephalopods, and other invertebrates Ref.

Dorsal fin —; Anal fin —; Pectoral fin about 11; Vertebrae — A bizarre deep-water eel with an enormous mouth, extremely long jaws, pore-like gill openings and a very expandable pharynx and stomach.

The gulper eel also has a very long, whip-like tail.

Eurypharynx pelecanoides

They are found in temperate and tropical areas of all oceans and lives in depths from to metres. Pectoral fin reduced, low on side just behind gill opening; scales absent, body covered in soft black velvety skin; lateral line present but without pores.

Downloaded on 21 September The Royal Swedish Academy peleccanoides Sciences. In tropical to temperate waters. Egg cells within each of the gonads have the same developmental stage monocyclic ovaries suggesting only one spawning during its lifetime or periodic spawning Ref. As they mature, pelrcanoides males undergo a change that causes enlargement of the olfactory organs, responsible for the sense of smell, and degeneration of the teeth and jaws.