Dramaturgy is a sociological perspective that focuses on the management of everyday life. Erving Goffman is credited as being one of the chief proponents. Erving Goffman (–) developed a dramaturgical theory of the self and society inspired by Mead’s basic conception of social interaction. In the selection . For Erving Goffman (–), arguably the most original For Goffman, the subject matter of dramaturgical sociology is the creation, main-.

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According to Goffman, every individual is engaged in impression management by his conscious decision to present himself in a certain way and his continuous performance to ensure that a particular image of himself is established.

Each actor therefore makes a series of decisions or choices which helps in establishing and portraying who he is and his character to the general audience. These two concepts are necessary for the actor to have a successful performance. Personal front consists of items or equipment needed in order to perform.

Performers may communicate out of character on purpose, to signal to others on their team, or by accident.

A professor in a university might have a number of books on the subject he teaches, arranged in his office to create an impression that he is an authority on the subject. Dramaturgy is a version of symbolic interaction.


A company may put out an ad that shows people from different countries in order to create an impression that they have a global customer base. It questions how each performance is enacted and what symbols are used to achieve a desired effect. But the minute their kids come home, they change automatically into their good natured selves and address each other pleasantly and act as if they are at their happiest.

Classical and Contemporary Sociological Theory: It is composed of defensive and protective techniques. The dramaturgical perspective can be seen as an anchor to this perspective, where the individual’s identity dramatrgy performed reving role sand consensus between the actor and the audience. People engage in “back stage” behaviors when no audience is present. It helps establish a scene. Views Read Edit View history. The Social Construction and Communication of Power”. Peter Lang Publishing Inc.

Journal of Consumer Research, Vol Specific performances may be given when the audience is segmented as such. Webarchive template wayback links Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from December In addition to this, it also has been said that dramaturgy does not contribute to sociology’s goal dramxturgy understanding the legitimacy of society.


Defensive techniques are employed before an interaction starts and involve:. Sociology 7th Canadian Ed.

Dramaturgical perspective is one of several sociological paradigms separated from other sociological theories because it efving not examine the cause of human behavior but it analyzes the context. Performers are most knowledgeable.


Dramaturgy (sociology) – Wikipedia

Stages or regions refer to the three distinct areas where different individuals with different roles and information can be found. New York, New York. It is claimed to be drafting on positivismwhich does not offer an interest in both reason and rationality; John Welsh called it a “commodity”. This concept can be seen in the film Waiting. Goffman makes an important distinction between “front stage” and “back stage” behavior. Goffman says that the front stage involves a differentiation between setting and personal front.

Within this analysis, teams are groups of individuals who cooperate with each other in order to share the ‘party line’. For example, maintaining eye contact while talking and choosing from a range of available facial expressions.

It is where facts suppressed in the front stage or various kinds of informal actions may appear.

The actor knows he or she is being watched and acts accordingly. An essay on the organization of experience.