In January , British cryptographers deciphered a telegram from German Foreign Minister Arthur Zimmermann to the German Minister to. : El telegrama Zimmermann: % Customer Satisfaction Guaranteed. : El telegrama Zimmermann () and a great selection of similar New, Used and Collectible Books available now at great prices.
|Published (Last):||19 October 2010|
|PDF File Size:||10.84 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||8.89 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
Wilson released the text to the media on 28 February Hall waited three weeks.
First telegrqma a press conference on 3 Marchhe told an American journalist, “I cannot deny it. Mexico and the United States, Volume 3. Woodrow Wilson and the Progressive Era, — During this period, Grey and cryptographer William Montgomery completed the decryption. Privately, the British needed to give the Americans the cipher so that the United States government could verify the authenticity of the message independently with their own commercial telegraphic records; however the Americans agreed to back the official cover story.
All traffic through the Porthcurno relay was copied to British intelligence, in particular to the codebreakers and analysts in Room 40 at the Admiralty. The German provocations were partially successful.
El telegrama a México que definió la suerte de la Primera Guerra Mundial
Bell was at first incredulous and thought it to be a forgery. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
United States involvement in the Mexican Revolution. Any doubts as to the authenticity of the telegram were removed by Arthur Zimmermann himself. H,” a British agent in Mexico, bribed an employee of the commercial zkmmerman company for a copy of the message.
The message was sent to the German ambassador to Mexico, Heinrich von Eckardt. The Germans assumed that the United States cable was secure and used it extensively. The telegram was sent to telerama German embassy in the United States for re-transmission to Eckardt in Mexico.
Zimmermann Telegram – Wikipedia
But Room 40 chief William Reginald Hall teoegrama reluctant to let it out, because the disclosure would expose the German codes broken in Room 40 and Zimmsrman eavesdropping on the United States cable.
Gerard to accept it in coded form, and it was transmitted on 16 January On 6 AprilCongress voted to declare war on Germany ; Wilson had asked Congress for “a war to end all wars ” that would “make the world safe for democracy”. Besides the highly provocative war proposal to Mexico, the telegram also mentioned “ruthless employment of our submarines”.
Winkler, Jonathan Reed However, this put German diplomats in a precarious situation: The Germans were encouraged by their successes on the Eastern Front into believing that they would be able to divert large numbers of troops to the Western Front in support of their goals. For The President’s Eyes Only. Boghardt, Thomas November The Zimmermann Telegram was part of an effort carried out by the Germans to postpone the transportation of supplies and other war materials from the United States to the Allied Powers that were at war with Germany.
At worst, the Germans might have realized that the code had been compromised, but weighed against the possibility of United States entry into the war, that was a risk worth taking.
Europe, the United States, and the Mexican Revolution.
Criptograma de la Primera Guerra Mundial
The Carranza government was recognized de jure by the United States on 31 August as helegrama direct consequence of the Zimmermann telegram, since recognition was necessary to ensure Mexican neutrality in World War I. The Germans persuaded U.
University of New Mexico Press. The telegram was intercepted and decoded by British intelligence. My Three Years in America. On Secret Service East of Constantinople.
The failure of United States troops to capture Pancho Villa in and the movement of President Carranza in favor of Germany emboldened the Germans to send the Zimmermann note. Disclosure of the Telegram would sway public opinion in the United States against Germany, provided the Americans could be convinced it was genuine.
Retrieved 17 January This section includes a list of referencesbut its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. The Politics of Property Rights: Zimmermqn Naval Institute Press.
Wikisource has original text related to this article: British Naval Intelligence, — The Secret War in Mexico: This page was last edited on 10 Decemberat Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.
This belief, which was not restricted to pacifist and pro-German lobbies, was promoted by German and Mexican diplomats and by some American newspapers, especially the Hearst press empire.
Page then reported the story to President Woodrow Wilson zinmerman, including details to be verified from telegraph company files in the United States. Please call the President’s attention to the fact that the ruthless employment of our submarines now offers the prospect of compelling Zimmwrman in a few months to make peace.
Hall passed the telegram to the Foreign Office on 5 February, but still warned against releasing it. The facility was supposed to be used for cables connected with President Woodrow Wilson’s peace proposals. zimmedman
The British knew that the German Embassy in Washington would relay the message by commercial telegraph, so the Mexican telegraph office telegarma have the ciphertext. Pershing had long been chasing the revolutionary Pancho Villa and carried out several cross-border raids.