Asian common toads (Duttaphrynus melanostictus) have a wide distribution across Asia. The native distribution extends north from Pakistan through Nepal. Duttaphrynus melanostictus, known as the Asian common toad, is widely distributed in South and Southeast Asia. It goes by a multitude of other common names. Duttaphrynus melanostictus Frost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes.

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Common Sunda Toad.

Duttaphrynus melanostictus Conservation status. Effects of Kinship and Density. Bogs have a flora dominated by sedges, heaths, and sphagnum. Though we edit mleanostictus accounts for accuracy, we cannot guarantee all information in those accounts. Sagareshwar Wildlife Sanctuary in southern Maharashtra is one of the smallest sanctuaries in the st Electronic Database accessible at http: The ways in which these toads have been introduced is not fully known in most areas, although in some areas it is assumed that Asian common toads first occurred on these islands when they were fist settled.

Not designated, but see discussion by Dubois and Ohler,J. Asian spined toad Bufo melanostictus “, ; Keomany, et al.

Duttaphrynus melanostictus (Asian common toad)

Synapomorphy of the Bilateria. Epiphytes and climbing plants are also abundant. Bufo flaviventris Daudin, An. These toads are toxic and can cause illness and death in humans. Females are larger than males. The frog was nocturnal, but frequently also found in active state during day.

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Bufo dubius — Gray,Illust. Environmental Toxicology This chemical is highly regulated by the United States and European Union, yet it is still used widely throughout the developing counties of Asia ChurchHarper et alLeverMercySumanadasa et alThe State of Queensland Their backs are covered with a series of warts varying in sizes; warts are encircled with black or dark pigments and have spines protruding. Bufo chlorogaster Daudin, “An. Negative impacts on humans, communities.

There are no major kelanostictus to this very adaptable species.

ADW: Duttaphrynus melanostictus: INFORMATION

However, this is the preferred element if an object includes all of these things and details about conservation listings. Asian spined toad Bufo melanostictus “, ; Khan, Since its discovery on the east coast, a grave fear has developed that if the Asian toad is not eradicated from Madagascar and stronger quarantines are not be developed to prevent reinvasion, it could have comparable impacts to those of cane toads in Australia.

Duttaphrynus melanostictus Asian common toad ; adult.

Duttaphrynuss common toads have typical anuran development which is indirect with an aquatic tadpole stage. Road kills of amphibians in different land use areas from Sharavathi river basin, central Western Ghat Bufo gymnauchen Bleeker, Shen,Fauna Hunan, Amph. Biology Letters, 12 1: Bufo dubia – Gray, Ill. Tentative synonymy with Bufo melanostictus by Stoliczka,J.

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Checklists specific search options Observed during.

The Asian common toad has been detected in Australia at least four times since Adults are terrestrial and may be found under ground cover such as rocks, leaf litter, and logs, and are also associated with human habitations.

The recent rate of incursions suggests a high likelihood of establishment in Australia.

India Biodiversity Portal

Ansonia kamblei Ravichandran and Pillai, Rec. This could be a possible reason why Asian common toads do not have many predators KeomanyDuttapyrynusThe State of Queensland, The top of the head has several bony ridges, along the edge of the snout canthal ridgein front of the eye preorbitalabove the eye supraorbitaldutraphrynus the eye postorbitaland a short one between the eye and ear orbitotympanic.

Duttaphrynus melanostictus is commonly called Asian common toadAsian black-spined toadAsian toadblack-spectacled toadcommon Sunda toadand Javanese toad.

In areas with no lack of moisture breeding will persist year round. Rana dubia Shaw, Bufo melanostictus hazarensis Khan,Pakistan J. Nguyen, Ho, and Nguyen,Checklist Amph.