Terra sigillata: Ein Beitrag zur Geschichte der griechischen und römischen by Hans Dragendorff. Publication date Publisher A. Marcus. Dragendorff: H. Dragendorff, Terra Sigillata, Bon- ner Jahrbiicher 96 () Hermet: F. Hermet, La Graufesenque (). Ludowici: W. Ludowici. Hans Dragendorff, “Terra sigillata. Ein Beitrag zur Geschichte der griechischen und römischen Keramik”, Bonner Jahrbücher 96 (),

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Online books Resources in your library Resources in other libraries. That picture must itself be seen terga relation to the luxury tablewares made of silver. The ware is then burnished with a soft cloth before the water in the terra sigillata soaks into the porous body or with a hard, smooth-surfaced object. But the real strength of the Rheinzabern industry lay in its extensive production of good-quality samian cups, beakers, flagons and vases, many imaginatively decorated with barbotine designs or in the ‘cut-glass’ incised technique.

These high-quality tablewares were particularly popular and widespread in the Western Roman Empire from about 50 BC to the dragenddorff 3rd century AD. Italian sigillata was not made only at or near Siigillata itself: Oswald’s classification Oswald —7 is much fuller, covering South, Central and East Gaulish types, but is marred by the poor quality of the drawings.

Modern terra sigillata is made by allowing the clay particles to separate into layers by particle size. Though the Central Gaulish forms sifillata and built upon the South Gaulish traditions, the decoration of the principal decorated forms, Dr.

Gallery of Terra sigillata forms – sorted by typology

Ettlinger is the current reference system for Arretine, and Hayes and for the late Roman material. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works. When applied to unfired clay surfaces, “terra sig” can be polished with a soft cloth or brush to achieve a shine ranging from a smooth silky lustre to a high gloss.

But many new shapes quickly evolved, and by the second half of the 1st century AD, when Italian sigillata was no longer influential, South Gaulish samian had created its own characteristic repertoire of forms.

Check out the top books of the year on our page Best Books of Obviously the open forms, namely bowls that could be formed in, and extracted from, a single mould, were quicker and simpler to make.


The parallel with ‘china’ is the reason sigillwta the late Professor Eric Birley favoured the use of a lower-case initial for ‘samian’. However, it would be unwise to exclude all possible historical associations with the island of Samosthough of course the pottery known as samian ware to present-day archaeologists has nothing to do with that region.

The industry expanded rapidly in a period when Roman political and military influence was spreading far beyond Italy: It is a rectangular stone-built structure measuring Some East Gaulish producers made bowls and cups decorated only with rouletted or stamped decoration, and in the 3rd and 4th centuries, Argonne ware, decorated with all-over patterns of small stamps, was made in the area east terrz Rheims and quite widely traded. He promoted it as a panacea effective against every type of poison and several diseases, including plague.

The Best Books of In general, the products of the East Gaulish industries moved away from the early imperial Mediterranean tradition of intricately profiled dishes and cups, and ornamented sigiillata made in moulds, and converged with the later Roman local traditions of pottery-making in the northern provinces, using free-thrown, rounded forms and creating relief dragendorfr with freehand slip-trailing. The oldest use for the term terra sigillata was for a medicinal clay from the island of Lemnos.

Dragendotff, stamped their products, eigillata the names of the factory-owners dragendkrff of the workers within the factories, which often appear on completed bowls and on plain wares, have been extensively studied, as have the forms of the yerra, and the details of their dating and distribution. The best slips, vivid red and of an almost mirror-like brilliance, were achieved during the Claudian and early Neronian periods Claudius, reg. Sigillata vessels, both plain and decorated, were manufactured at several centres in southern France, including BramMontansLa Graufesenque, Le Rozier and Banassac[30] from the late 1st century BC: There is a great variety of monogram crosses and plain crosses amongst the stamps.

Dragendorff’s classification was expanded by other scholars, including S. Vessel-forms that had been made in South Gaul continued to be produced, though as the decades passed, they evolved and changed with the normal shifts of fashion, and some new shapes were created, such as the plain bowl with a horizontal flange below the rim, Dr.


Hans Dragendorff

Higher firing temperatures tend to remove the burnished effect because the clay particles start to recrystalize. It now drageneorff as a result of this recent work that this is not the case and that the colour of the glossy slip is in fact due to no more than the crystal size of the minerals dispersed within the matrix glass.

Retrieved 15 December Major workshops, such as those of M. Though it never achieved the extensive geographical distribution of the South Gaulish factories, in the provinces of Gaul and Britainit was by far the most common type of fine tableware, plain and decorated, in use during the 2nd century AD.

Later, it bore the seal of the Ottoman sultan. Pottery production continued, but in the 3rd century, it reverted to being a local industry. Certainly it epitomised certain aspects of Roman taste and technical expertise.

The modern parallel of the English term ‘china’ may be an apt one: The ambitious large rectangular dishes with relief decoration in the centre and on the wide rims Hayes Form 56were clearly inspired by decorated silver platters of the 4th century, which were made in rectangular and polygonal shapes as well as in the traditional circular form.

Fashions in fine tablewares were changing. Closely related pottery fabrics made in the North African and Eastern provinces of the Roman Empire are not usually referred to as terra sigillata, but by more specific names, e.

This page was last edited on 20 Octoberat These vessels have glossy surface slips ranging from a soft lustre to a brilliant glaze-like shine, in a characteristic colour range from pale orange to bright red; they were produced in standard shapes and sizes and were manufactured on an industrial scale and widely exported.

When a vessel is a classic samian form and decorated in relief in sigilkata style of a known samian potter, but finished with black slip rather than a red one, it may be classed as black samian. Knorr ; Knorr ; Hermet