Nov 24, The difference between Giffen Goods and Inferior Goods is that people will purchase less of the inferior goods as income increases and. May 9, Hey Inferior good is a good whose demand increases when the consumer’s income decreases and whose demand decreases as the. In economics, an inferior good is a good whose demand decreases when It was noted by Sir Robert Giffen that in Ireland during the 19th century there was a rise in the price of potatoes. The poor people were.

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As a rule, used and obsolete goods but not antiques marketed to persons of low income as closeouts are inferior goods at the time even if they had earlier been normal goods or even luxury goods. The reason behind this is that when the price of bread hiked, it resulted in a huge decline in the spending power of poor people that they were bound to cut down the consumption of expensive goods.

Therefore, these goods are treated differently by consumers when there is a change in the market prices and level of income but as discussed above they are different. Depending on consumer or market indifference curvesthe amount of a good bought can either increase, decrease, or stay the same when income increases.

A number of economists have suggested that shopping at large discount chains such as Walmart and rent-to-own establishments vastly represent a large percentage of goods referred to as “inferior”.

Such goods are called inferior goods. Not sure about the answer? The consumption of inferior goods decreases with the rise in income, for they are replaced by the superior substitutes at higher levels of income.

Giffen goods are special types of products for which the traditional law of demand does not apply. Primary School Economy 5 points. Non- Rivalrous goods and Non- Excludable goods. As a rule, these goods are affordable and adequately fulfill their purpose, but as more costly substitutes that offer more pleasure or at least variety become available, the use of the inferior goods diminishes.


To establish law of demand, he takes the assumption that consumer behaves according to a scale of preferences.

Inferior good

So, inferiority, in a sense, refers to the easy affordability of the good at lower consumer income, compared to the costly substitute. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. The effect of the increase of income on the consumption of goods is known from empirical evidence. So, this article might help you in understanding the difference between Giffen goods and Inferior goods.

What is difference between giffen goods and inferior goods? Goods whose demand rises with the increase in their prices are called Giffen goods.

Giffen goods are goods whose demand increases with the increase in its price and vice versa. As income rises people will spend less on inferior goods as they can now afford more expensive, better quality alternatives.

Giffen goods are goods for which demand will fall when price falls as people do not tend to purchase more of a giffen good even if prices are low because they will look for better alternatives, or will spend their money on something else. Here the position B lies to the left of original position A indicating that there is decrease in amount demanded of the good X as a result of the fall in price.

People with middle or higher incomes can typically use credit cards that have better terms of payment or bank loans for higher volumes and much lower rates of interest.

Giffen goods and inferior goods are very similar to each other in that giffen goods are special types of inferior goods.

Instead of assuming infeeior consumer maximizes the satisfaction. An example could be rice which is a staple food of a region and majority of the food consumption is rice that cannot be substituted.

Interrelationship among Inferior Goods, Giffen Goods and Law of Demand

The net result of the fall in price of an inferior good will then be the rise in its consumption because the substitution effect is larger than the negative income effect.


Merit goods Demerit goods. Various types of goods are studied in economics, like normal goods, inferior goods, luxury goods, Veblen goods, Giffen goods.

These low nutritional products are your inferior goods. Hey Inferior good is a good whose demand increases when the consumer’s income decreases and whose demand decreases as the consumer’s income increases.

Sumukh Sai 33 8. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Quite simply, when the price of a Giffen good increases, the demand for that good increases. This article needs additional citations for verification. Despite their similarities, giffen goods and inferior goods are different to one another, and the article offers a clear explanation of each while outlining their similarities and differences.

Hicks now, like Samuelson, relies on consistency in the behaviour of the consumer which is a more realistic assumption. As a result, the consumption of the goods on which the individual ordinarily spends his income will fall as a result of the particular small rise in income which induced the individual to buy the car. Inexpensive foods like instant noodles, bologna, pizza, hamburger, mass-market beer, frozen dinners, and canned goods are additional examples of inferior goods. Retrieved from ” https: The Giffen good case is demonstrated in Fig.

Difference Between Giffen Goods and Inferior Goods

Inferior goods take into consideration the income effect. Therefore, such goods have better alternatives regarding quality called as superior goods. The ones that outweigh the substitution effect are the Giffen goods.

Leave a Reply Cancel reply. Thus Giffen goods, which are exceptions to the Marshallian law of demand can occur when the following three conditions are fulfilled: Log in to add a comment. But isn’t it goods the case for all inferior goods? It is evident from Fig. Thus inverse price-demand principle will also hold in most cases of the inferior goods.