This study had the objective of describing a case of dextrocardia with situs solitus and apex-basis axis inversion in a lesser anteater (Tamandua tetradactyla). Arq Bras Cardiol. Dec;91(6):e Anatomy of a dextrocardia case with situs solitus. Faig-Leite FS(1), Faig-Leite H. Author information: (1)Universidade. Herz. May;35(3) doi: /s Epub May Isolated dextrocardia with situs solitus (dextroversion). Solzbach U(1).

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Through simple anatomical observation, it can be determined that there was no change in the heart position after the corpse underwent fixation. But when the great arteries are transposed, the left ventricle pumps blood next door to the lungs. The heart of an animal was found in right antimere with inversion of the base-apex axis. A population-based study of cardiac malformations and outcomes associated with dextrocardia.

Internally, the heart from the dextrocardic animal did not show any significant alteration, and it was possible to observe four chambers without septal communication.

Situs solitus

The aorta was dorsally located to the cava caudal vein, the pulmonary artery was cranial and dorsal to the aorta, the pulmonary veins in number ofthree were ventral to the pulmonary artery, the cava caudal vein placed in the ventral plane and the cava cranial vein in the dorsal plane, both in relation to the other vessels Figure 1 C and 2 A and B.

Retrieved from ” https: For instance, different levels of NODAL proteins on opposite sides of the embryo have been linked to proper bending of the embryonic heart, giving it its asymmetrical form. The thorax of the anatomical piece was partially dissected, without the presence of the pericardium and the lungs.

A case of dextrocardia with normal situs. The dextrocardia is a cardiac anomaly characterized by the displacement of the biggest axis base-apex of the heart to the right side of the thorax with a reversion of the apical inclination, this occurs due to an anomalous rotation of the primitive tube of the heart to the right, being a rare anomaly in human beings, and not described in animals.


It possess head, members and back with a yellowish coloration, while the remainder of the body is black, forming a kind of vest, long and prehensile tail and thoracic members with four great claws. This condition does not normally pose health problems, however some may suffer from additional congenital heart abnormalities.

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What is dextrocardia with situs solitus?

Usually, the reverse is true. What is amniotic band syndrome? The diaphragm muscle was removed and subsequently, the liver was dissected, which presented normal aspect and morphology. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. In these cases, as well as in the present case, situs solitus was found, the great vessels were normally related with the bulboventricular loop to the right and the absence of ventricular inversion was observed.

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In general, authors classify these alterations as a direct consequence of dextrocardia associated to multiple cardiac malformations Bernasconi et al. No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.

Introduction Dextrocardia is an embryologic malformation characterized solltus the displacement of the largest axis base to apex of the heart to the right side of the chest, with reversion of the apical inclination. After that the animals had been radiographed and dissected, the aortic arch was removed after the sternum.


soiltus Dextrocardia in situs inversus totalis with obstructive coronary disease. We present a rare case of dextrocardia in the corpse of a female child, aged approximately one year old, presenting situs solitus. Its treatment by coronary angioplasty by the brachial approach.

It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. However, the pulmonary veins did not enter the left atrium, these entered in left ventricle, leading us to believe that during the bombardment, after the blood solittus to the lungs for gaseous exchange, the arterial blood arrived directly the left ventricle, not passing in the atrium and bicuspid valve.

Isolated dextrocardia with situs solitus (dextroversion).

In Brazil it spreads out in the Amazon, Atlantic solitis, southern fields and pantanal. This induced asymmetry is thought to be achieved by a number of morphological factors that guide development.

The heart apex was positioned along the heart axis and was turned to the right side, thus demonstrating the dextrocardia. The incidence of dextrocardia associated to situs inversus in the general population is usually 1: Dextrocardia-value of segmental analysis in its categorization.

Pinheiro I ; L. It was observed among between the animals studied Figure 1 A and B a female with dextrocardia with situs solitusshown only an inverted heart, while the and other organs had normal topography. The two sooitus described by these authors presented severe pulmonary alterations; as the lungs had been previously removed in the present case, it was not possible to study them.