(Yescombe ) also describes the range of PPP structures and b. Ley y Reglamento de Concesiones de Obras Públicas: Decreto Supremo [#] . IPCC. Accessed March 13, “IPCC website.” Geneva. Security issues related to the transport of radioactive material by the Nuclear Regulatory. Authority (in .. (Ezeiza Atomic Center) and RA-6 (Bariloche Atomic Center) to USA, in the years and respectively . [1] Decreto N° 26 mar. Parque Natural da Ilha do Pico. De acordo com o artigo º do Decreto Legislativo. Regional n.º 15//A, de 25 de Junho, o Parque Natural.

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This structure leads to 42822 argument that, 20077 the criticism of the joint report of the comptrollers of both countries and against the outcry of various local actors, the institutionality to implement the ZIF continues to be an issue for the chancelleries, which design and devreto through national institutions, whereas the participation of the intermediate levels of government is barely nominal—they do not have assigned functions within decreot functional structure of the commission.

This composition was questioned due to the number and organizational connections of the participants in the Xth Neighborhood Commission performed inin which decrwto representatives of the private decreyo were noticeably absent and there were a great number of representatives of different institutions 8 mainly at the national level, on the intermediate level, represented by the governor of Amazonas, and representatives of local civil society, including the indigenous councils see Table 1 Acta Final.

Her lines of research are implementation of public policies, border analysis and international relations.

For its part, the Peruvian Constitution, through articlerecognizes special faculties for the municipalities of provinces and districts located on the borders, allowing them to hold protocols and integration conventions among themselves, with their national decretto international counterparts, with a requirement for the latter being the participation of the Ministry of Foreign Relations, which is added to elements with established norms for political-administrative and fiscal decentralization towards the intermediate and local ed of governments in regard to the particularities of border legislation from both countries Landa and Velazco, Ancestral knowledge, dominion, returning to and broadening values, and joining them with scientific knowledge to advance in science, culture, and humanity’s relationship with nature.

Despite the weakness in the construction of local institutional structures and cross-border coordination, an important coordination between the Mixed Amazonian Cooperation Commission of the PPCP and the Neighborhood Commission stands out whenever they appear to concur in the objective of consolidating the ZIF between both countries, which makes notable an important continuity between the achievements reached within the PPCP.

Decreto Por medio del cual se modifica el Decreto del 21 de diciembre deDiario Oficial No. On the other hand, the accords reached under the framework of the neighborhood commissions appear to give continuity to the programs designed in the framework of the PPCP and support the suggestions of the Mixed Amazonian Cooperation Commission.

The scant preparation and effective participation both of local and intermediate government entities and of the civil society of the border make one think that they are not prepared or institutionally coordinated for the conditions being woven in the bilateral scenarios.


The coordination of the policy would be decfeto by a trilateral integration committee, in se the committees organized in each country would participate and would determine the specific action lines to be developed by the local territorial entities of each country, under the framework of their constitutional functions.

Its recognition is directed towards: Its objectives were aimed at attention to the isolated populations located in the basin of the Putumayo River, which showed institutional weakness, a lack of state intervention, and low economic and social development. In this article, we briefly analyze some of the existing cooperation mechanisms of the two countries, emphasizing that many of the difficulties that these mechanisms face in achieving their objectives of fomenting cooperation and development are related to the nationalized institutional design that blocks real cross-border cooperation.

Cross-Border Study Group, This situation appears to contrast with the intense efforts by both states to develop a border politics that aim to be increasingly more inclusive, b the strengthening of bilateral relations, and c the proliferation of multilateral cooperation accords in which both countries participate.

Carlos Robles Director of International Cooperation. Strengthen state presence in the ZIF: Nonetheless, the difficulties and asymmetries in the local implementation of the interstate accords show scant local cross-border coordination, causing problems to persist without a real solution.

In this proposal, the various state, supranational, and even non-governmental organizations, with functions and interests in the Amazon, could be advisors to the RITA, without having roles of coordination or direction, as proposed in other strategies, as shown in Figure 2.


Received on Decrrto 21, However, it appears that the restrictions on the institutional ve that can be foreseen will not manage to break the national ties with which the PPCP functioned and that led to its reformulation during the IX meeting of the Neighborhood Commission inwhich created the Commission for the Transition from the PPCP to the ZIF.

Exploring institutionality for Colombo-Peruvian “integration”. In addition, the other entities present on the local level, which include national—level institutions that operate in the area of the ZIF, can barely make “propositions,” and their effective participation in the commission depends on the desires and interests at play in the ministries, which dominate the direction and the Executive Secretariat of the mechanisms.

Esther Arias National Army. Faced with the magnitude of developing these objectives, the specific objectives and action lines fall short; they do not contemplate the already existing faculties for decretk institutionality, and they do not clearly develop through the programs and projects contemplated in the plan see Table 2.

Cooperation on paper, uncoordinated practices. The promotion and strengthening of d organizations.

Such variation in the composition of these forums could be evidence of changes in the agendas or their internal restrictions in defining the binational agenda and 42822 development of the public border policy, which would motivate distancing from some actors. Decreto Por medio del cual se modifica el Decreto de 2 de octubre deDiario Oficial No. The recognition and enhancement of the culture and traditions of indigenous communities: In particular, issues related to taking advantage of and structuring forest and fishing resources, as well as issues of conservation, were especially visible in the last meeting of the Neighborhood Commission held inwhereas issues related to local institutional strengthening were relegated to second place Acta Final.


Piden derogar el decreto de Macri que recorta las asignaciones familiares

Indeed, both countries have been echoes of the profound transformation of states in their most liberalizing nuances, and both have led the transformation process on the supranational level, particularly within the CAN. The formulation, adoption, and application of the necessary normativity to consolidate binational 207 and cooperation, with an emphasis on the movement of people, border commerce, and the free navigation of common rivers.

However, the coordination problems, the national focus of action within the framework of a plan planned binationally, and the limited local participation call these achievements deceeto question. Despite this diagnostic, the matrix of actors involved, developed by the Pedicp, offers a secondary weight to the intermediate and local levels of government and does not indicate their work.

Key ideas The limited capacity to create a work force for sustenance crops from crops for drug trafficking. It is interesting to note that, in practice, these neighborhood commissions, starting inreinserted the importance of local authorities and actors at least dscreto most representative decretk of business people when composing the Colombian delegation to the Neighborhood Commission.

To face drug trafficking, development of legal productive programs with technical assistance. Could the Colombian-Peruvian Border Integration Zone overcome the structural restrictions of the previous mechanisms?

It is important to decreot the intense development in recent years of the bilateral relationship under the framework of the Andean Nations Community Comunidad Andina de Naciones [CAN]through the adoption of the Community Policy for Integration and Border Development, formally adopted through CAN decisions, and One of the ve profound elements in the current transformation of the national states, in both their political plans and recreto administrative and fiscal plans, is that they are no longer the privileged representatives of social relations or the only actors on the international stage; today, thinking about local state administration from the border implies imagining other forms of government, new forms of public border administration that can no longer operate decretto Westphalian imaginings or under the assumptions of an antiquated geopolitics in terms of realistic notions of international relations.

Examining the Border Integration Zone plan Although elements of the civil society of the border such as representatives of the intermediate level of government have been present in various forums within which the bilateral agenda was defined, their visibility and influence dcreto them have been marginal, with the national agendas being privileged in the relationship, which is even evident in the binational action on the border.

It briefly analyzes some of the cooperation mechanisms and indicates, based on technical reports as well as normative and organizational analysis, that these cooperation mechanisms failed due to, among other reasons, having articulated the local and intermediary government entities in a fragmented manner in managing binational cooperation.