The rod-shaped bacterium, Candidatus Desulforudis audaxviator, lives independently of any other organism in a part of the Mponeng gold. Genus: Candidatus Desulforudis. Species: Candidatus Desulforudis audaxviator. The name “audaxviator” was inspired by a quote from the. Candidatus Desulforudis audaxviator MPC. JGI project id: Culture collection: Year of funding: GTL. Public website date: 3/10/ Assembly.
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This page was last edited on 5 Octoberat Organism Candidatus Desulforudis Species. Few organisms are similar to Desulforudis audaxviator in that they are anaerobic chemolithoautotrophs. The source of the hydrogen needed for their respiration comes from the decomposition of water by radioactive decay of uraniumthoriumand potassium.
This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Personal tools Log in. A colony of Desulforudis audaxviator, discovered in a gold mine near Johannesburg, South Africa. Learn What is Biomimicry?
From MicrobeWiki, the student-edited microbiology resource. The genome contains an unusual transposon and possesses many sites of insertion. Watch Interactive Report Edit Summary. In other words, they are able to use inorganic sources of energy instead audxviator consuming organic molecules as food or using sunlightfix their own carbon rather than rely on plants to convert carbon dioxide to organic compoundsand use chemicals other than oxygen for respiration.
They have been isolated from Earth’s surface for several million years because analyses of the water that they live in showed that it is very old and has not been diluted by surface water.
The bacterium has transporters for both sugars and amino acids, which can be used a carbon source if they are available in the environment. Billions of years ago, some of the first bacteria on the planet may have thrived in similar conditions.
In other projects Wikimedia Commons. Peptococcaceae Sulphophiles Lithophiles Monotypic bacteria genera Candidatus taxa. Archaeal species were found in fissure water 0. This student page desulflrudis not been curated.
Its complete intolerance of oxygen suggests long-term isolation. The physiology that enables it to live in these extreme conditions is a tribute to its unusually large genome, cabdidatus of genes instead of the of its peers.
desulforudis audaxviator – Genome Result
The desulforuxis discovered microbes could shed light into the origins of life on Earth. Group Directory Member Directory. Articles with ‘species’ microformats All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from March Taxonbars using multiple manual Wikidata items.
If conditions become unfavorable for normal life, D. They are motile, sporulating, sulfate reducing chemoautotrophsand are categorized as thermophiles and obligate anaerobes.
Desulforudis audaxviator Desulforudis audaxviator Scientific classification Kingdom: Similar bacteria have been found in other environments and locations.
Nonetheless, a nitrogenase is present in the genome… D. The bacterium performs chemotaxis along chemical gradients, and takes up nutrients it needs.
It is the only bacterium found in water samples obtained 2. Taken together, these characteristics mean that D. The archaeal genes present in the D.