Caesalpinia sappan L. (Leguminosae) is found in India, Malaysia, southern China, and tropical Asia, and its heartwood Sappan lignum is used as a red dye. Family Name: Fabaceae (Leguminosae). Common Names: Sappan Wood, Brazilwood Tree, Sappan. Chinese Name: 苏木. by; G. Renu, Sanjana Julias Thilakar, D. Narasimhan, Centre for Floristic Research, Department of Botany, Madras Christian College, Tambaram. (0 ratings).

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Usually the plants are grown in the shade of trees in the forest or in forest borders. Caesalpinia sappan Caesalpinia sappan Linn. These side-effects and the high drug costs mitigate against prolonged drug use [ 7 ]. Thus, no between-group difference was found to be significant. Inhibition of the development of collagen-induced arthritis in Wistar rats through vagus nerve suspension: Methotrexate for inflammatory bowel disease: In tests, brazilin had a positive effect on the immune functions in the early phase of halothane intoxicated mice and had a hypoglycaemic action and increased glucose metabolism in animals presenting experimentally induced diabetis.

The leaves can be used to hasten ripening of fruits such as bananas and mangoes. Nomenclature and Classification Nomenclature and Classification. The main dye component in the heartwood of Caesalpinia sappan is brazilin, also present in brazilwood Caesalpinia echinata Lam. This study aimed to understand the anti-rheumatoid activity of brazilin that was isolated from ethyl acetate extract of C.


Known or potential benefits of the species for humans, at a direct economic level, as instruments of education, prospecting, eco-tourism, etc.

caesaopinia Views Read Edit View history. Yong Hyun Kim, Email: Larval host plants of the butterflies of the Western Ghats, India Desc: Sibukao Caesalpinia sappan L. Between groups comparisons were performed using the post-hoc Tukey test. Dictionary of Economic Plants. User Group specific search options Title. Planta Medica 64 5: Brazilin selectively disrupts proximal IL-1 receptor signalling complex formation by targeting an IKK-upstream signalling components. It also is a good source of firewood.

Effects of Viscum album L. Common names in English include sappanwood and Indian redwood. The antibacterial principle of Caesalpinia sappan. Accumulations of DNA strand break and methotrexate cytotoxicity.

Caesalpinia sappan L. | Species | India Biodiversity Portal

Each extract, and the aqueous phase remaining after all extractions, was dried under caesalinia pressure to yield a hexane 1. To dye paper by soaking, the sheets are plucked one by one between two wooden sticks by their small side.

It is difficult to dry and is susceptible to warping and collapse, but moderately easy to work; it takes a high finish, and is tough and resistant to termite attack.

Joseph B, Raj SJ. The microstructures of the distal end cafsalpinia the left femur, the proximal end of the left tibia, the distal end of the left calcaneus, and the distal end of the left second metatarsal bone, were analyzed via high resolution sxppan SkyScanBruker, Antwerp, Belgium. It has antibacterial and anticoagulant properties. Handbook of legumes of world economic importance. The parameters recorded were: Conclusions Brazilin purified from C.


CIA mouse model can be used to explore human RA, because humans and mice are similar both genetically and immunologically [ 38 ]. Microstructure of cancellous bone at the distal part of the left femur.

The colour deepens to dark red upon prolonged exposure to sunlight casalpinia air. Technology partner Strand Life Sciences. Which patients need additional central density skeletal measurements?

The heartwood of the plant has traditionally been used as an analgesic [ 23 ], although antioxidative [ 24 ], anti-inflammatory [ 25 – 27 ], antibacterial [ 2829 ], and anticonvulsive [ 25 ] activities have also been reported.

Caesalpinia sappan L.

This Caesalpinioideae -related article is a stub. Brazilin and MTX were dissolved in a small volume of dimethylsulfoxide DMSO and its concentration was adjusted to working concentration with 0.

Brazilin was earlier isolated from an ethyl acetate extract of C. A textual diagnostic description of the eappan that is not necessarily structured.

The mordants used are mainly aluminum which gives a red color and iron which gives a brown color.