The Body-cathexis Scale is examined to assess its psychometric properties. Results indicate a strong unidimensional measure with high internal consistency. The Body Cathexis Scale (BCS) was the first psychometric instrument devised to measure body dissatisfaction. In this study we report the. The oriainal Bodv-cathexis Scale (BCS) used by Secord and Jourard () consisted of a list of 46 parts or aspects of the body. These were rated by.

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Perceptual and Motor Skills53 3 Perceptual and Motor Skills73, The items loading on this factor appear to have no common theme other than the fact that they are all body parts. However, all item means remained within the range The determinancy and factor correlations are shown in Table 3. This is a prerequisite of replicable factors.

The resulting a was 0. Institute for Social Research, Ann. Summary of item statistics 0: Only six questionnaires were dropped due to inappropriate responding.

A psychometric investigation into the body-cathexis scale | Sean Hammond –

Sex differences in body cathexis associated with exercise involvement. In order for simple structure to be achieved the factors were rotated obliquely. Theory, M easurement, Cahhexis and Behaviour. Enter the email address you signed up with and we’ll email you a reset link. In addition to the purely kinaesthetic information gleaned from the body, much of the self-concept is dependent upon cultural attitudes to the physical attributes it possesses.

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Considering the importance of the construct of body-self in notions of personality and self-concept, the scale clearly has utility in further psychological research.


The means and standard deviations of each item were calculated to observe their ability to discriminate between Ss. Log In Sign Up. It is argued, on the basis of this investigation, that the BCS has good psychometric properties. Using scales of body cathexis and self cathexis, the Maslow Test of Psychological Security-Insecurity, and an anxiety-related body cathexis homonym test, Secord and Jourard concluded that the body and self tend to be cathected to the same degree.

Thorndike recommends a sample size of at least if the standard error in the inter-item correlation matrix is to be minimized.

The items all lie within a positive manifold, the maximum inter-item correlation being 0. Therefore, dissatisfaction with the sacle of garments can lead to lower body cathexis and negative attitudes regarding overall appearance, body dimensions, and weight. Feelings about the body have marked behavioral consequences, and as both casual sacle clinical observations suggest, body cathexis and body perceptions play a significant role in garment fit satisfaction.

Journal of Consulting Psychology, 17 5 Body cathexis is defined as the degree of satisfaction or dissatisfaction one feels scael various parts and aspects of his or her own body. A psychometric investigation into the body-cathexis scale.

Clothing and Textiles Research Journal2, By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Bidy and Privacy Policy. The number of items in the scale has varied over subsequent studies.

Clothing and Textiles Research Journal31 3 zcale, This finding further undermines claims of a multidimensional scale. Total body cathexis BC is obtained by summing the ratings for each of the 46 characteristics and dividing by total number of items. Remember me on this computer. Gardner Press, New York. It must be emphasized that such a procedure relaxes the criterion of detenninancy considerably and so no strong claim for the uniqueness of this solution can be made here.


The BCS has been used in a variety of studies showing relationships to parental attitudes Remy,body size Jourard and Secord,somatic symptoms Johnson, and self-esteem Weinburg, Nevertheless, the seven-factor solution, upon rotation, showed clear simple structure and ease of interpretation.

Body Cathexis Scale (Secord and Jourard ) | Psychology Resource Centre

Bodyy, a negative self-concept would be expected of an individual who perceives his or her body as falling short of culturally-determined ideals. This page was last edited on 14 Mayat Views Ccathexis Edit View history. One’s perception of scle or her body and the feelings associated with this perceived image greatly influence overall satisfaction with the self and can predict levels of self-esteem.

Body cathexis and the self. Skip to main content. Seven items did not have salient loadings of any of the factors. Because body image and body weight are a high priority in western culture, men and women alike face gender-based societal pressures to achieve an ideal body image, which in turn influences feelings about the body and preoccupation with size, shape, weight, and appearance.