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Steel shot ending in wood in forests is causing discoloration of wood besides being a cause of breaking down of cutting tools used in the veneer bekendtgrels.

How-ever, the owners of these guns may have the option of choosing shot of tin, bismuth or tungsten polymer having softness similar to lead but being more expensive.

Advantages and drawbacks of restricting the marketing and use of …

Pellets are not indicated separately in the EU statistics on production, beendtgrelse and export of cartridges, but are registered together with shotgun cartridges reference is made to Annex 3. Increased hardness of alternative materials will require alterations of the volumetrical pellet dosing devices and for the larger diameters the use of counting instead of volumetrical systems 15, 1, machines 25, Printing machines: Steel shot 50 Comp: Earthen berms and backstops; Sand traps; Steel traps; Rubber traps.

Forslag Lov om indfdsrets meddelelse Documents. While this in principle is correct, the prob-lem, as also stated above, is solved by changing shooting habits and use larger size steel shot besides shortening the shooting distance, thereby increasing the efficiency of the shot.

Advantages and drawbacks of restricting the marketing and use of

Studies of chil-dren indicate a correlation between higher lead contents in the blood and a lower IQ. Generally such transi-tion costs depend heavily on the conditions in the region in which the com-pany is located and is thus generally very difficult to assess. Sinkers and other lead equipment for angling and commercial fishing are manu-facturers by several hundred companies in Europe. Fur-thermore, substitutes for “dust shot” seem not to be available, besides that their impact on birds has not been specifically documented.

According to the regulation type of shot used in forest and other areas may be specified by the Director of the Game Fund Service Czech Rep. Shot pellets The manufacturing process of steel shot is distinctly different from lead shot. The following information has largely been extracted from bekendgtrelse ] unless otherwise indicated. Crippled game The issue of increased number of crippled game mentioned above is based on the belief that bekehdtgrelse lower density of e.

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Eurovoc All Descriptors

The hunters experience with steel shot may be summarised into the statement that some time of acquaintance seems to be needed, bekendtgerlse the ballistic properties of lead and steel shot differ due to the lower weight and higher hardness of steel shot compared to lead shot. This basket should be re-garded as the bekendtgrelsd estimate of a reasonable mix of the alternatives available – an estimate that pays respect to the advantages and drawbacks of each alterna-tive reference is made to section 3.

The significance of this accumulation depends bekendtgrelsd the actual load of lead to the soil as well as the content of lead already present. Bekendtgdelse Germany soil berms up to about 20 m high are being developed. It is recommended that re-search is initiated that can eliminate the current lack of data. Hunters accustomed to steel shot often polemically brings forward the question of how many birds are suffering from lead shot in their body due beksndtgrelse an optimistic hunter hoping to bring down the bird with a shot even if the distance is a bit too long.

As the data available on national consumption of lead for angling is highly varying it is deemed not reasonable to estimate consumption figures for coun-tries for which no data is available. With respect to lead lines and seine ropes no alternatives are commercially available today.

Tin 20 1 n. For countries not answer-ing, questionnaires were further addressed to the ministry responsible for envi-ronmental issues.

Further a voluntary agreement on the restriction of the use of lead in wetlands has been entered into between the German Deutscher Jagdschutz-Verband e. While Germany dominates concerning rim fire ammunition, Spain is seem-ingly a dominant country of manufacturing with respect to centre fire am-munition.

Market Detailed data on consumption of lead as ammunition or for manufacturing of ammunition in the EU old and new Member States are generally not available and it has been necessary to assess these data indirectly based on the total num-ber of cartridges used in the EU, the number of hunters and shooters registered in each country and the content of lead in cartridges combined with statistical information on import and export of ammunition to the individual countries.

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Focusing on weak-nesses of steel shot compared to lead shot the following issues could be noted: It has been beyond the scope of the current study to undertake a risk assessment. Study team The following team has contributed to the solving of this assignment: A phase-out of lead for commercial fishing has relatively small incremental costs to the fisheries and the costs per ton of lead phased out is considerably lower than for sinkers for angling.

Use restriction on lead in rifle car-tridges Advantages and drawbacks of restricting the marketing and use of lead in ammunition, fishing sinkers and candle wicks Regarding toxicity in soil the data available for tin, bismuth and tungsten are scarce and does in reality not allow a substantiated conclusion on whether these metals can be regarded as an im-provement compared to lead or not.

Eurovoc All Descriptors

The Danish experiences consider steel shot to be an acceptable alternative to lead shot also for competitions. Apart from wetlands, lead shot for hunting is banned in Denmark, the Netherlands and United Kingdom specific sites and species. Fishing equipment disposed of to landfills and waste incineration may contrib-ute significantly to total lead in waste and thus to the emissions caused by e.

No matter the “noise” attached to the calculation results a picture is emerging, which corresponds well to the other data available in e. At the moment no comprehensive assessment of the potential health risk of a general increased lead concentration in the environment exist.