The Tirukkural (Tamil: திருக்குறள்), shortly known as the Kural, is a classic Tamil what we have today as Kural.”] (Avvaiyar, ancient Tamil poet, c. Avvai KuRaL is a new Nano series of bite-sized bloggets, umm.. venerable tamil poetess AvvaiyAr, in the astounding KuRaL poetry format. How did Avvaiyar (a Tamil poetess) know and write about atoms years ago Meaning: Thirukkural is as powerful as the energy of the seven large oceans.

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George Uglow Pope translator. Thus, the third couplet in Chapter Agriculturefor instance, can be numbered either as or, less commonly, as Other eastern beliefs of Valluvar found in the book include previous birth and rebirth, seven births, and some ancient Indian astrological concepts, avvaoyar others.

Tirukkuṛaḷ – Wikipedia

Retrieved 12 February Retrieved 25 June Ethics portal Philosophy portal Tamil civilization portal Dravidian civilizations portal India portal Literature portal Poetry portal.

Navalar Nedunchezhiyan Kalvi Arakkattalai.

Couplets 1—10 Chapter 2. Michael George Uglow Pope H.

It is said that there exists an inherent tension between porul and inbam. Historically, the Kural experienced a few centuries of hiatus soon after its writing, dubbed the “Dark Age,” following which it enjoyed a revival period when the teachings of the Kural avviyar to influence people greatly.

Over the centuries that followed, people started calling the work “Tirukkural” and its author as “Thiruvalluvar”. Despite knowing its seemingly contradictory nature from a purist point of view, Valluvar employs this method to emphasise the importance of the given code of ethic.

The Tamil inscription on his grave makes note of his commentary of Tirukkural. Nevertheless, he seldom shows any concern as to what similes and superlatives he used earlier while writing on other subjects, purposely allowing for some repetition and mild contradictions in ideas one can find in the Kural text.

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Blackburn,pp. Munshi”Thirukkural is avvakyar treatise par excellence on the art of living.

Michael George Uglow Pope H. VaradarajanNamakkal kavignarThirukkuralar V. The first French translation was brought about by an unknown author by about that went unnoticed. Madhavan, Karthik 21 June Nine traditional names had already been in use to refer to the book during the time of writing of the Tiruvalluva Maalaia eulogy written on the Kural by various poets between the 1st and 11th centuries CE.

Thirumathi Sornammal Endowment Lectures on Tirukkural. Unlike religious scriptures, the Kural refrains from talking of hopes and promises of the other-worldly life. Barnard Rynn Berry T. Nagaswamy, Dinamalar23 December Karunanithiand Solomon Pappaiah. This page was last edited on 30 Decemberat According to Avvaiyr PerunchithiranarValluvar has employed 28 different methods of conveying thoughts in the Kural text.

Praise of Tirukkural

There were at least ten medieval commentaries written by pioneer poets of which only six are available today. Unlike Kamasutra, which is all about eros and techniques of sexual fulfillment, the Kural text of Inbam remains a poetic appreciation of flowering human love as explicated by the Sangam period’s concept of intimacy, known as aham in the Tamil literary tradition. White”Thirukkural is a synthesis of the best moral teachings of the world. It soon became a popular and the standard portrait of the poet.

International Institute of Tamil Studies. However, a number of musicians have set it to tune and several singers have rendered it in their concerts. An age-old Tamil maxim has it that ” banyan and neem maintain oral health; Four and Two maintain moral health,” where “Four” and “Two” refer to the quatrains and couplets of Nalatiyar and the Kural, respectively.

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Articles with short description Articles containing Tamil-language text Pages to import images to Wikidata All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from September CS1 maint: Soibam Rebika Devi Punjabi: Retrieved 20 August Sundaram in the introduction to his work, while “all other sins may be acvaiyar, but never ingratitude,” Valluvar couldn’t understand “how anyone could wish to fatten himself by feeding on the fat of others.

Secondly, Confucius did not deal with the subject of conjugal lovefor which Valluvar devoted an entire division in his work. Firstly, unlike Confucius, Valluvar was also a poet. Written with the contemporary society in view [41] and marked by pragmatic idealism[42] the Kural text is unique among the ancient literature in terms of both its poetic and its intellectual accomplishments.

Retrieved avvaaiyar October Similar to Valluvar, Confucius avvaiyxr legal justice embracing human principles, courtesy, and filial pietybesides the virtues of benevolencerighteousnessloyalty and trustworthiness as foundations of life.

Guru is ShivA, also emphasises the revered state of the enlightened beings. Posted by Prakash Swamy at Outline of the Kural.

SwamyVerse: Avvai KuRaL 73 ~ Feeling ShivA in the Heart Temple!

There is none who has given avvxiyar a treasure of wisdom like him. Brahmin Tamil Arwi Malaysian Tamil. Leo Tolstoy was inspired by the concept of non-violence found in the Kural when he read a German version of the book, who in turn instilled the concept in Mahatma Gandhi through his A Letter to a Hindu when young Gandhi sought his guidance.