Index. ▫Jain Agam (Canonical) Literature ƒ Definition ƒ Classification ƒ Listings of Sutras ƒ Summary of Agams by Jainsects ƒ History of Preservation ƒ Agam. The Agama scriptures have been composed by Lord Tirthankaras by way of their meanings, whereas by ‘Sutra’ they have been composed by Lord Gandharas. Phone:: +91 22 1. ĀGAMA – AN INTRODUCTION (English): This booklet provides a brief summary of each Āgama with a few key sutras highlighted.
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Monk Keshi was the Ganadhara of Lord Parshvanath. Acharya Gunadhara wrote the Kasay-pahud.
Kalpa Vatansika Sutra Kappavadamsiao: This anuyoga consists of the following texts, which contain philosophical doctrine, theories, metaphysics, Tattvajnan, and like literature.
Pratimasataka deals with metaphysics and logic. This agam describes the story of ten bother princes. State University of New York Press. This anuyoga consists of the following texts, which contain principles of observances, conduct, behavior, and like literature.
The Agam Sutras teach great reverence for all forms of life, strict codes of vegetarianism, asceticism, compassion, nonviolence, and aga to war. Uttaradhyayana Sutra This agam has the same place in Jain literature as the Dhammapada in Buddhism and the Geeta in the Hindu religion.
Lord Mahavir’s immediate disciples were known as Ganadharas. It also describes the types of vows a wise person should take during various states of illness and how sutraz should beg the pardon of all living beings in the universe.
Digambars follow two main text and four Anuyogs written by great Acharyas scholars from to AD as the basis for their religious philosophy and practices. They were originally compiled by Shrut Kevali monks, who possessed total knowledge of the soul by studying 12 Ang Agams.
However, they believe that they were gradually lost starting from one hundred fifty years after Lord Mahavir’s nirvana. This anuyoga consists of the following texts, which contain religious stories, art, literature, history, poetry, and like literature.
Jain literature – Wikipedia
This text is very useful in understanding the mode of Lord Mahavir’s religious preaching. This agam is very useful for understanding the code and conduct of ordinary people Shravaka Dharma in the Jain religion. The Digambar Jain sect maintains that after the famine, the entire Jain canonical literature Agam Sutras became extinct. Jain Agam Literature Background: All Ganadharas possessed perfect knowledge keval-jnan and attained liberation at the end of their human life.
The knowledge of Shruta-Jnanamay be of things which are contained in the Angas Limbs or sacred Jain books or of things outside the Angas.
They orally compiled the direct preaching of Lord Mahavir into twelve main texts sutras. Part of a series on. These scriptures are known as Jain Agam or Agam Sutras. This agam has the same place in Jain literature as the Dhammapada eutras Buddhism and the Geeta in the Hindu religion. Jain history indicates that during the course of time, Swetambar ascetics held sytras conferences for the preservation of the Jain canonical literature, commentaries, and non-canonical literature.
Agam or Canonical Literature Agam Sutras. Jainp. Following is the list of number of Ang-bahya-agams accepted as authentic scriptures by different Jain Swetambar Sects:.
It also describes the penance of Lord Mahavir. Buddhism Hinduism Islam Sikhism Non-creationism. It explains the magnitude of pain one has to suffer if zutras or she breaks the fourth vow chastity. This text is very useful in understanding the mode of Lord Mahavir’s religious preaching.
After his death, the king was born as a deva in heaven. Angbayha Agam sutras provide further explanation of Ang Agam sutras. It consists of the following texts which contain geography, mathematics, astronomy, astrology, and like literature. The twelfth Ang-agam Drastivad is considered lost by all Jain Sects. This agam describes the conduct and behavior of ascetic life. It also provides information on ancient kings. The second Purva-agam named Agraya-niya was used as the basis for this scripture.
Therefore the scriptures were not documented in any form but were memorized by ascetics and passed on by oral tradition to future generations of ascetics.
This agam describes the previous lives of certain devas angels who worshiped Lord Mahavir. This agam contains the stories of additional ten sacred monks who attained the top-most heaven, known as Anuttara heaven. This agam explains how Lord Neminath convinced ten kings in the Vrashni region to follow the Jain religion. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
During the course of time, it became extremely difficult to keep memorizing the entire Jain literature Agam sutras and Commentary literature compiled by the many scholars of the past and present. Digambara monk Aryika Kshullak Pattavali Acharya. In the end all ten princes went to hell after dying in war. Chief among these is Ardha Magadhiwhich due to its extensive use has also come to be identified as the definitive form of Prakrit. It also explains how a person can attain heaven in the next life.
The Agamas were composed sufras the following forty-six texts: Kielhorn as the best grammar work of the Indian middle age. Languages of Jain literature. It explains the qualifications of the listening monk or nun and with what sort of feeling the confession should be made.
The Digambar sect believes that all Ang-bahya-agams were also gradually lost starting about two hundred years after Lord Mahavir’s Nirvan.