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The control group consisted of 80 students without ARI, as determined by clinical test. Ventilation, temperature, and humidity are significantly associated with the incidence of ARI and are also closely related to air circulation in the kepmenkse.

Kementrian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. The relationship between home sanitation and health conditions is well-known. Pembangunan Kota Berwawasan Lingkungan. As a result, the jepmenkes of disease spreading in the room will be higher. Narain Pneumonia in South-East Asia region: If the number of occupants of the room is tshun proportional to the area of the room, the volume of clean air will be reduced and carbon monoxide will rapidly increase as the result of expiration process [ 8 ] Hecht SS Douwes Respiratory and allergic health effects of dampness, mold, and dampness-related agents: Inappropriate room humidity may make a room seem wet and facilitate the transmission of the disease.

Perumahan Rakyat untuk Kesejahteraan dan Pemerataan, 1. In communities with poor sanitation homes, the prevalence of infectious diseases including ARI will be high. Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia; Kesehatan Perumahan dan Lingkungan Permukiman.

The onset of symptoms is usually rapid, i. Inappropriate ventilation is dangerous to health and may stimulate indoor air contamination by microorganisms such as bacteria, fungi, viruses, and various chemicals [ 67 ]. Environmental factors of housing affect the incidence of ARI.

The housing environment is very influential on the incidence and spread of ARI.

It is usually infectious, which can cause a spectrum of illnesses ranging 11999 asymptomatic disease or mild infection kepmenkex severe illness and death, depending on the pathogen, environmental factors, and host factors. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Licensewhich permits unrestricted use and redistribution provided that the original author and source are credited. House temperature is significantly associated with the incidence of ARI.


Based on the results of Riskesdas inthe prevalence of ARI was found to be Temperature was measured using a room thermometer, and air humidity was measured kepmejkes using a hygrometer. Ventilation plays an important role because it will provide a proper speed of air flow. Data collection was performed using structured interviews. Infants and children are often sensitive to air pollution inside the home, but it can also occur in people of childbearing age, such as college students between the ages of 17 to 22 years.

Jonathan Pamungkas –

Cox-Ganser Mold exposure and respiratory health in damp indoor environmentsFrontiers in Bioscience – Elites2. The results of this research is expected to give inputs for national and local governments in making policies related to housing.

Variables examined included the home environment including the construction of the house, i. Yudhastuti Housing sanitation and acute respiratory tract infection among undergraduate students in Indonesia. The case group consisted of students with a history of ARI as determined by clinical test, while the control group consisted of students with no ARI as determined by clinical test.

This is caused by house construction e.

Menteri Perumahan Rakyat RI. The objective of our study was to analyze the impacts of indoor air pollution on students in Surabaya.

Possible symptoms include fever, cough, often sore throat, coryza runny noseshortness of breath, wheezing, and difficulty in breathing Jason DT et al. Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan, 2 1 The study population of students lived in boarding houses or rented houses for approximately two years.

Students living in unhealthy housing environments experience the health impacts of indoor air pollution.


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Keywords healthy houses, government regulations, housing. The method uses a survey by taking samples from 30 healthy houses in Bojong Indah Residence, Cengkareng, West Jakarta.

Data collecting uses questionnaires and interviews associated with those as required and the results obtained are general descriptions of the actual conditions about how government regulations regarding to eligibility for health residences are applied, and the factors that influence the level of its application in development.

ARI has always been ranked as the most common disease in Indonesia. Likewise, the ceilings or roofs of both groups showed no significant difference. If the air circulation does not conform to regulations, the air will be stuffy, smelly, and raise pathogenic bacteria and other pollutants that can harm health. Good housing must be free from pollution and equipped with facilities such as roads, sewer, trash, clean water sources, street lights, playground, schools, worship places, meeting halls, and health center.

Other disorders, such as reduced oxygen levels and increased carbon monoxide levels. House sanitation is closely associated with morbidity of infectious diseases, especially respiratory infection. These factors include residential density of living rooms or bedrooms, ventilation, room temperature, humidity, length of stay in the house, use mosquito repellent, and smoking habits.

The length of stay of the respondents affected the incidence of ARI. The population with the highest occurrence of ARI The use of anti-mosquito spray in the room may create or add more indoor pollutants. In there werecases of ARI in children under five The case group consisted of 40 students aged years who had been clinically determined to be affected by ARI.