Matei Călinescu. · Rating details · ratings · 12 reviews. Five Faces of Modernity is a series of semantic and cultural biographies of words that have taken. Five Faces of Modernity: Modernism, Avant-Garde, Decadence, Kitsch, Postmodernism. Front Cover. Matei Călinescu. Duke University Press, Modernist Cultures invites essays from various fields of inquiry, including anthropology, art history, cultural studies, ethnography, film studies, history, literature.

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Its sphere is thus much restricted, but at the same time its identity becomes essentially fleeting, extremely difficult to grasp because it cannot be defined in terms of past traditions Christian or otherwiseand very provisional because it stakes its survival on the confirmation of the future.

Clearly, we are concerned here with the arguments of the moderns that have some kind of relevance to aesthetics, and not with what they had to say about modernity’s scientific and technological superiority that superiority, for obvious tactical reasons, was often brought up by most of the “modernists”. At the beginning of the fifteenth century, the title of one of Leonardo Bruni’s dialogues synthesizes 24 a broader trend: The process of erosion was started by a momentous revision of the values and doctrines that formed the legacy of the Middle Ages.

In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content: Details Table Of Contents Rights. Get to Know Us. At one time he is hostile to it,…he rebels against it as Gotz, Prometheus, Faust…. Even more difficult to defend convincingly in a pluralistic age like ours is the idea of an orthodoxy by whose standards we could decide whether this or that tendency is heretical or not. As for antiquity, the opinion touching it which men entertain is quite a negligent one, and scarcely consonant with the word itself.

Your Friends Email Address: Although Hispanic modernism is often regarded as a variant of French symbolisme, it would be much more correct to say that it constitutes a synthesis of all the major innovative tendencies that manifested themselves in late nineteenth-century France.

According to that notion, romanticism was essentially an expression of the Genius of Christianity, to use the title of Chateaubriand’s famous book, in which a new parallel be- tween the ancients and the moderns was drawn, and in which the superiority of the latter was seen as resulting from their practice of not only the truest but also the most poetical of all religions.

Thus, we mount stairwise from step to step. A defender of modernity in aesthetics, Baudelaire is at the same time an almost perfect example of the modern artist’s alienation from the society and official culture of his age. A conservative thinker and defender of orthodox Roman Catholicism like Thomas Molnar, for instance, establishes a close connection between heresy and utopia, and discovers the latter’s structural traits in the millennialism of medieval chiliastic movements and, more specifically, in the sharply dualistic Manichean premises of gnosticism.

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FIVE FACES OF MODERNITY Modernism Avant-Garde Decadence Kitsch | Veria Wang –

The paradox, of which Stendhal is an illustration, is that the modern-minded writer often finds that the present is unprepared to accept the very things that it most needs.

Autorul e preocupat mai degraba de cuvinte decat de manifestari culturale. In England, Swift was much better aware of the absurdity of such a “scientific” approach give the poetry of the ancients, and turned into ridicule the excesses of Perrault and Fontenelle: This is certainly why what has remained alive from the whole controversy in England, in terms of the interests of today’s nonscholarly reader, is Swift’s devastating irony against the forgotten Wottons and Bentleys of the time.

But the Gothic architecture has its own rules, by which when it comes 34 to be examined, it is seen to have its merit, as well as the Grecian. There is much more to Stendhal’s preoccupation with the future than the mere compensatory dream of someone suffering from lack of recognition.

Nothing of that sort in Stendhal. We freely acknowledge Him to be the inventor of the Compass, of Gunpowder, and the Circulation of the Blood: Want to Read Currently Reading Read. Project MUSE promotes the creation and dissemination of essential humanities and social science resources through collaboration with libraries, publishers, and scholars worldwide.

The result would be a modern kind of beauty, different from the canonic beauty of antiquity. The concept of modernity—the notion that we, the living, are different and somehow superior to our predecessors and that our civilization is likely to be calinesck by fiv even superior to ours—is a relatively recent Western invention and one whose time may already have passed, if we believe its postmodern challengers.

Five faces of modernity: modernism, avant-garde, decadence, kitsch, postmodernism

First, the autonomy of culture, achieved in art, now begins to calniescu over into the arena of life. But to account even briefly for the diverse intellec- tual responses to the problem of modernity, or for the forms of time consciousness involved in this notion, would have required a close examination of trends in philosophy, religion, and science over many centuries.

The association between modernity and a secular view of the world has become almost automatic. Modernity, then, can be defined as the facss possibility of going beyond the flow of history through the consciousness of historicity in its most concrete immediacy, in its presentness [….

If 10 I have seen farther, it is by standing on the shoulders of giants. If book has an editor that is different from the article author, include editor’s name also.

On the contrary, such associations were, during certain periods, numerous and very close, and it is only by bringing them into focus that we can become fully aware of one of the structural ambiguities of modernity’s idea, an ambiguity that accounts for the fact that at the beginning of the nineteenth century the romantic irrationalists could still, while rejecting the progressivism modernify philosophical optimism of the Enlightenment, be committed to a broadly conceived modern ideal.

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You trample men to death, and mock their clamour, Amongst your gauds pale Horror gleams and glances, And Murder, not the least of them in glamour, On your proud belly amorously dances. When we speak of the ‘Ancients’, we mean the pagan writers. Everything that is beautiful and noble is the result of reason and thought. This deep-rooted belief in duality cannot fail to direct attention toward the poet’s essentially and dramatically Christian frame callnescu mind.

On another, more ambitious level, Calinescu deals at length with the larger issues, dilemmas, ideological tensions, and perplexities brought about by the assertion of modernity.

The single most significant change affecting the vocabulary of modernity sincethe year my book appeared, has been the emergence of an international concept of postmodernism. Taste, the seventeenth-century moderns believed, developed along with other aspects of civilization, becoming more demanding and refined.

Mkdernity ideas are consistent with Hurd’s endorsement of the cult of imagination as opposed to the neoclassical doctrine of imitationand with his belief that, above and beyond nature, the poet has “a supernatural world to range in. Calinescu documents the rise of cultural modernity and, in tracing the shifting senses of the five terms under scrutiny, illustrates the intricate value judgments, conflicting orientations, and intellectual paradoxes to which it has given rise.

Mar 04, Cypress Butane rated it really liked it Shelves: Five Faces of Modernity attempts to do for the foundations of the modernist critical lexicon what earlier terminological studies have done for such complex categories as classicismbaroqueromanticismrealism calnescu, or symbolism and thereby fill a gap in literary scholarship.

Utopianism, however, moderniyt hardly be conceivable outside the specific time consciousness of the West, as it was shaped by Christianity and subsequently by reason’s appropriation of the concept of irreversible time. Not surprisingly, arguments previously used against Christian eternity are now turned against the secular eternity envisioned by utopianism. If we think that modernity came about as a commitment to otherness and change, and that its entire strategy was shaped by an “antitraditional tradition” based on the idea of difference, it should not be movernity to realize why it balks when it is confronted with the perspective modernit infinite repetition and the “boredom of utopia.