[1]: H. Neuhaus H., Budownictwo drewniane, (Wood constructions), Polskie w ocenie postępu korozji biologicznej drewna i konstrukcji drewnianych, The. W tym celu przeprowadzono analizę nośności drewnianych stropów, która .. [5] Neuhaus H., Budownictwo drewniane, Polskie Wydawnictwo. Podstawowe zasady projektowania elementów konstrukcji drewnianych według W: Neuhaus, Helmuth: Budownictwo drewniane: podręcznik inżyniera.

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However, the disadvantages of these materials include: Theoretical calculations of the rigidity of the reinforced combined beams, taking into account material diversity of the composite, were carried out according to the classical elasticity theory referring to deformable materials [4, 10].

However, not all budoanictwo connected with the strength of the examined reinforced materials were answered.

### Budownictwo drewniane: podręcznik inżyniera – Helmuth Neuhaus – Google Books

drewniiane Through applying the vertical and horizontal load on the model, three typical stages of the whole working period are studied. The analysis of numerical calculations of the displacement confirms that the rigidity dreeniane reinforced beams increases in comparison with the rigidity of the non-reinforced beams.

On the other hand, these stresses increase in the timber at contact boundaries with the composite as well as in the carbon composite itself. After the discretisation, the beam model consisted of the following quantities of finite elements: The elasticity constants for the domestic OSB board were adopted from literature data [1, 14, 15] and the appropriate standard — PN-EN Taking into account empirical data and literature analysis [4, 15], wood elasticity constants, were selected as estimate values corresponding to the C30 class of softwood according to the PN-B Limiting the calculations to the linear elasticity and small displacements, the maximum deflections of the beam axis were expressed with the formula: Determining the type of these defects and their impact on work conditions is the topic of this article.

Because of their promising properties, intensive investigations have been carried out in recent years to study the utilisation of these materials to enhance the load-carrying capacity of different types of building structures, among others, by reinforcing certain elements made of steel, concrete or wooden structures. Linear and nonlinear finite element analysis in engineering practice.

The analysis performed in the study gives satisfactory results of calculations in a relatively short time. Distribution of reduced stresses in the composite.

View of the solid model of the reinforced beam type ll S. The obtained results were presented in the form of fields of combined states of stresses and deformations in individual beam elements.

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## Methods to Assess Load Capacity of the Old Wooden Building Components

The formation mechanism was discussed; and a SSD model was presented. Though the uniaxial compression test of specimens with different rock bridge angleit can be found that rock bridge angle have a great impact on the mode of crack propagation of specimen.

By comparing the numerical results with actual cracks condition, the impact of improper construction procedure on cracks of Block No. The static-strength analysis aims to determine the actual strength of load capacity of the component and stability of the whole object after taking into account the adverse impact of consumption and damage of the construction and heuhaus determining and selecting suitable variant of renovation, repair or enhance the construction of the object.

The best known of these materials with which considerable hopes are associated include carbon or glass fibres [2, 3, 8]. Budownictwo drewniane [The timber construction]. Mean strain at break [MPa].

Application of neujaus forces of the beam model Figure 4 shows budowniftwo perspective view of an exemplar model after its discretisation as well as the mutual contact of solid finite elements at the contact interface of materials.

Hong Yuan Tang, Wei Lin. Eurokod 5 Projektowanie konstrukcji drewnianych.

Wood as an engineering material. These materials are characterised by very good specific tensile strength ratio of the tensile strength to density budoqnictwo, high elasticity modulus, deformation linearity practically up to destruction as well as viscosity and resistance to chemical agents. Wooden constructions are very susceptible to damage caused by improper operating conditions.

### Tomasz Nowak – Cytowania w Google Scholar

Equivalent moment of inertia J equiv. Geometric characteristics of the cross section area of beams. Their characteristic properties are given in Table 1 [9].

Beam cross section reduced to timber A equiv. DR [mm 2 ].

Distribution of equivalent stresses at the 9 kN load in the central cross sections of beams: This paper uses ANSYS finite element program to do the nonlinear finite element analysis on steel reinforced concrete L-shaped short-shear walls.

Maximum stresses occur in the pure bending zone and they reach the values close to the limiting normal stresses for timber the mean value for softwood along fibres amounts to about 90 MPa [4]. At last, the development process of crack distribution at different stages is studied. Geometric characteristics of the cross section area of beams Beam type Composite modulus of elasticity [GPa] Composite cross section A w: Depending on the work conditions of construction the consumption manifest itself through: In this way, it is possible to improve strength parameters without affecting significantly the dimensions or weight of the structure itself.

I,II — axial moments of inertia of composite straps.