Now click on the link that says: I have a registration Code that came with my book . | When asked to enter your code, type in your Unique Access Number. References: 1. Object –Oriented –Programming in C++ by E Balagurusamy. 2. Object –Oriented –Programming with ANSI & Turbo C++ by Ashok N. Kamthane. Language English. E BalaguruSamy – C++. Identifier EBalagurusamyObjectOrientedProgrammingWithC. Identifier-ark ark:// t0rr4g61p.

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Their defmi Liens are very much like the normal ooops. However, such functions Can have access to the public member functions only through the objects passed as arguments to it. The constructors that Can takf?

Overloaded operator functions oo;s be invoked by expressions 3uch as op x. Note that only the space lor data item-H of the objects is created. A member function of a derived class.

This process is known as operator overloading. Static variables arc normally used to maintain values common to the entire class.

Remember, the bam dam cannot be modified. Some of the quality issues that must be considered for critical evaluation are: The member Function ffetdutaO which has- been defined outside the clans supplies values to both the variableR. The call value – amount The “Vater-fall” model shown in Fig. It is also ready for further inheritance, A protected member, inherited in the private mode derivation;, becomes private in the derived class.


However the public balaburuswamy can bo accessed from outside the class. However, a constructor can accept a reference to its own class as a parameter. The class declarations are placed in a header file and the definitions of member functions go into another file. The parameter values to these constructors are provided at run time.


Note that “ip is used Like a member name. It 13 therefore important to have a working definition of object-oriented programming before we proceed further. Balaguruwamy can also inherit directly as shown by the broken line. Note the UBe of statements such as number – a; 5 ft the function definition of getdataO, This shows that i.

With objects we can access the public members of a class using a dot operator. Another approach is to just specify the item code and the value of the Item in the stock. Polymorphism is one of the crucial features of OOP, It simply means ‘one name, multiple forms’.

In other words, it sets the value of every data element of 13 to the value of the corresponding data element of This process is known as hierarchical inheritance. In such cases, the class is called a friend class. The user can provide input in one of the following forme; 1 Amount, period balzguruswamy interest in decimal form, 2. However, the function readO can be called by the function update!


Design a system using a class called books with suitable member functions and constructors, Ust new operator in constructors to allocate memory space required, 6.

It is also known as dynamic binding balagurswamy the selection of the appropriate function is done dynamically at run time. Similarly, we may use other member functions to perform any other operations on the array values. The approach of using one or mere ef these basic control constructs in programming is known as structured programming, an important technique in software engineering. It would not make balaguruswqmy to dereference a pointer to a void value.

The function Lb called by reference. A reference variable provides an nttim alternative numci for a previously defined variable.

Balaguruswamy OOP with C++

This can be done in two ways: Enter two numbers 6. The balagruswamy AAxnn means the “address of the m member of A class”. Emphasis is on doing things, c algorithms.