CED Gabay. II. CONCEPTS IN ASSESSING STUDENT LEARNING. 1. Role of Measurement and Assessment in teaching De Guzman Santos Rosita, et. ADVANCED METHODS IN EDUCATIONAL ASSESSMENT AND EVALUATION ASSESSMENT OF LEARNING 2. Rosita De Guzman-Santos, Ph.D. These approaches are classified below (source: Rosita de Guzman-Santos, ): . 1. Clarity of Learning Targets Assessment can be made precise, accurate.
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Tasks that have more than one acceptable solution often lend themselves well to a performance based assessment, since they may call for the student to use higher-order thinking skills such as experimenting, analyzing or reasoning.
The learning targets, involving knowledge, reasoning, skills, products and effects, need to be stated in behavioral terms which denote something which can be observed through the behavior of the students.
This approach is considered a quasi-evaluation as it is not based on value judgment, only based on knowledge, thus not true evaluation. These relate outcomes to prespecified objectives, allowing judgments to be made about their level of attainment.
These are designed to provide knowledge based for making and defending decisions. This shift in emphasis may result in reduced test anxiety and enhanced self-esteem. Performance based assessments ask students to show what they can do given an authentic task which is then judged using a specific set of criteria.
However, this approach does not necessarily help practitioners improve their work, and it requires a very good and credible evaluation to do it well. These studies help people understand the activities and values involved from a variety of perspectives. How supportive is the classroom environment?
Assessment of Learning 2
What are the critical or important external factors? Teachers assume a larger role in the assessment process than through traditional testing guzman-santoa. Product Rating Scales – Used to rate products like book reports, maps, charts, diagrams, notebooks, creative endeavors – Need to be developed to assess various products over the years c.
Are there any problems related to learning? Copy of a certificate or proofs if any of any training attended relating to authentic assessment h.
Evaluators articulate and take into account the diversity of interests and values that may be related to the general and public welfare. Is the time adequate? Is knowledge only transferred to students, or do they use and apply it? What KAS related to the subject, do the teachers have? The American Evaluation Association created a set of Guiding Principles for evaluators which can equally apply in the Philippine context: However, this responsive approach can lead to low external credibility and a favorable bias toward those who participated in the study.
He urged teachers to sample dosita by collecting products of their efforts throughout the year.
Such studies are, by definitions, not evaluations since it produce only characterizations without appraisals. Introduce authentic assessments in one area for example, on homework assignments and progress in small steps as students adapt.
How can you document student performance? However, unless performance-based standards are used, attributes of applicants and the processes they preform often are over-emphasized in relation to measure of outcomes or effects. Creating performance criteria serves learnkng purposes. Evaluation approaches are the various conceptual arrangements made for designing and actually conducting the evaluation process.
It may be best to begin on a small scale. Try to keep it simple, allowing students to do as much of the work as feasible. Inthe distinguished educator Ralph Tyler proposed an “enlarged concept of student evaluation,” encompassing other approaches besides tests and quizzes.
Tasks used in authentic assessment are more interesting and reflective of students’ daily lives. Management information Systems MIS. Fairness — assessment procedure needs to be fair, which means: It is also a systematic determination of merit, worth, and significance of something or someone.
This involvement is more likely to assure the evaluation process reflects course goals and objectives. Diane Hart, in her excellent introduction to Authentic Assessment: What regulations relate to training? Where can performance based assessment be used? Clarity of Learning Targets Assessment can be made precise, accurate and dependable only if what are to be achieved are clearly stated and feasible.
Are the aims suitable? Some of the more common methods are listed below: The model require the stakeholders be involved in the evaluation process. However, this approach can quickly turn practitioners and consumers into adversaries when implemented in a heavy-handed fashion. A Handbook for Educators, suggested the following benefits: Subjectivist, mass, true evaluation.
The drawback in these studies can be corrupted or subverted by the politically motivated actions of the participants. Spearman-Brown prophecy formula ii.
fuzman-santos Appropriateness of Assessment Methods a. Authentic assessment can be successfully used with students of varying cultural backgrounds, learning styles, and academic ability. Student performance tasks are measured using performance criteria.
Are there any problems related to teaching? What is the motivation of students? Evaluation is methodologically diverse using both qualitative and quantitative methods, including case studies, survey research, statistical analysis and model building among other.
Temptation to assist students. These are highly respected collection of disciplined inquiry approaches.
Has the teachers’ reputation improved or been ruined as a result?