download ketabeh andisheh eslami 2. Identifier AndishehEsslami2. Identifier-ark ark://t7tn27m5v. Scanner Internet Archive HTML5 Uploader Download and Install free and paid Android apps in Iran. Ali Lakza’i, “Saz va-karha-ye azadi dar andishe-ye ayatollah Beheshti,” Ulum-e Siyasi, 4, No. 13 (Spring Jomhuri-ye Eslami, 2 1 June Ghazali.

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Since the advent of state, statesmen needed money to run the government. Legislation of tax laws must xndishe a fair distribution of wealth in society at the same time as it helps economic growth.

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This has proved effective in controlling both the economic gap and the ensuing social clash between the upper class and the lower class. Paying tax is considered a religious service and a kind of worship in the Islamic taxation system.

A small portion of the financial needs of the state is covered by this kind of taxation. Canadian House of Wisdom. Kharaj [21] is the fourth kind of tax that was collected from land. The word khoms literally means one fifth. Neither of these two aims is subordinate. They are limited and exceptional. Sometimes, the non-Muslim inhabitants entered into a peace agreement with the Muslim army. Zakat The word zakat in Arabic comes from the root Zakawa meaning to grow and to purify.

Tax role and function must be premeditated.

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In the Islamic taxation system, tax payment is initially voluntary. The quantity, the proportion, and the items taxable are thoroughly determined [9]. Their ownership of their property moveable or immovable was recognized. The fourth kind of land was the one either abandoned by owners without fighting or left to the Islamic state by them or left unattended because aandishe owners had perished. Trust is a great factor here.

The tax due must be precise, obvious, and fixed andoshe the payment time exactly determined. Due to the role the transfer of payments play in consumption, the demand for goods and services increase. But this method has proved ineffective because the wslami provisions for progressive increase of taxes have usually been neutralized by opportunities for evading tax payment distributed unevenly among tax payers leading to great horizontal inequality.

Islam pursues two aims in economics simultaneously; growth and justice.

The tax imposed must be proportionate to the buying power of tax payers. Islam intends to provide an opportunity for every individual to realize sublime values in their life and to attain ethical perfection when andsihe discharge their social duties such as tax payment. The word zakat in Arabic comes from the root Zakawa meaning to grow and to purify.

It goes without saying that a believer understands that it is impossible to cheat and deceive God. Naturally, they do not personally involve in the process of redistribution of wealth and do not directly experience the positive results of their financial contribution to the betterment of life of the lower class society.

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This type of land was called conquest or maftuhato onwatan. By paying zakat and khoms, they enhance these moral traits in their inner world.

A religious person evaluates escaping religious tax as a sin while a law-abiding person considers tax evasion as illegal only. Financial fines religiously due as compensation for some sins one has committed and would like to repent from Kaffarat Mali and self-imposed obligations to give a gift or pay alms nudhurat are obligatory payments.

Andishhe former means that every individual who is not a slave or poor and is of age, of sound mental state, and sober must pay around three kilograms of wheat, rice, corn, barley, raisin, or similar food staff to the needy wslami the nightfall of the last day of the month of Ramadan for himself and for every individual whom he has to support financially [12].

Political Islam and Popular Order in Post-Revolutionary Iran

Khoms is a kind of proportional tax. They are introduced as means of crises-solving by the state [23]. The differences between Islamic taxation and ordinary taxation [8] 1.